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Titolo:
Impacts of forage grazing and cultivation on near-surface relative compaction
Autore:
Twerdoff, DA; Chanasyk, DS; Mapfumo, E; Naeth, MA; Baron, VS;
Indirizzi:
Univ Alberta, Dept Renewable Resources, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H1, Canada Univ Alberta Edmonton AB Canada T6G 2H1 ces, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H1, Canada Agr & Agri Food Canada, Lacombe, AB T4L 1W1, Canada Agr & Agri Food Canada Lacombe AB Canada T4L 1W1 ombe, AB T4L 1W1, Canada
Titolo Testata:
CANADIAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 79, anno: 1999,
pagine: 465 - 471
SICI:
0008-4271(199908)79:3<465:IOFGAC>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOIL BULK-DENSITY; YIELD;
Keywords:
annuals; bulk density; cow-days; grazing intensity; perennials; volumetric moisture content;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
21
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Twerdoff, DA Univ Alberta, Dept Renewable Resources, Edmonton, AB T6G 2H1,Canada Univ Alberta Edmonton AB Canada T6G 2H1 , AB T6G 2H1, Canada
Citazione:
D.A. Twerdoff et al., "Impacts of forage grazing and cultivation on near-surface relative compaction", CAN J SOIL, 79(3), 1999, pp. 465-471

Abstract

The study was conducted at the Lacombe Research Station, Alberta, on an Orthic Black Chernozem of loam to silt loam texture to investigate grazing impacts and cultivation on nearsurface soil compaction. Four forages, smooth bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss 'Carlton'), meadow bromegrass (Bromus riparius Rhem 'Paddock'), a mixture of triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack 'Pika') and barley (Hordeum vulgare L. AC Lacombe), and triticale were used forthe study. Each forage species was subjected to heavy, medium acid light intensity grazing. Measurements of bulk density and volumetric moisture content for the 0- to 10-cm depth interval were conducted using a surface moisture-density probe between spring 1994 and fall 1996. Relative compaction was calculated as the actual bulk density expressed as a percentage of the Proctor maximum density. Relative compaction values for all treatments and that for the benchmark were less than 90%, which is considered critical for limiting plant growth. Cultivation reduced bulk density under annual foragesby only 3% and lowered it under heavy grazed annual treatments most. Regression analysis conducted on the dependence of bulk density to cumulative cow-days indicated a curvilinear relationship. Bulk density increased more rapidly with increasing cumulative cow-days for annuals compared to perennials. From a management perspective, adopting intensive rotational grazing systems for perennial and annual forages may not cause any serious surface compaction problems for soils in this area.

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Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 09:42:47