Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Pre-injury substance abuse among persons with brain injury and persons with spinal cord injury
Autore:
Kolakowsky-Hayner, SA; Gourley, EV; Kreutzer, JS; Marwitz, JH; Cifu, DX; McKinley, WO;
Indirizzi:
Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Med Coll Virginia, Dept Phys Med & Rehabil, Richmond, VA 23298 USA Virginia Commonwealth Univ Richmond VA USA 23298 , Richmond, VA 23298 USA
Titolo Testata:
BRAIN INJURY
fascicolo: 8, volume: 13, anno: 1999,
pagine: 571 - 581
SICI:
0269-9052(199908)13:8<571:PSAAPW>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ALCOHOL-USE; HEAD-INJURY; TRAUMA PATIENTS; MARIJUANA; PATTERNS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kreutzer, JS Virginia Commonwealth Univ, Med Coll Virginia, Dept Phys Med & Rehabil, POB 980542, Richmond, VA 23298 USA Virginia Commonwealth Univ POB 980542 Richmond VA USA 23298 A
Citazione:
S.A. Kolakowsky-Hayner et al., "Pre-injury substance abuse among persons with brain injury and persons with spinal cord injury", BRAIN INJUR, 13(8), 1999, pp. 571-581

Abstract

Alcohol and drug use at the time of injury have been strongly implicated as causal factors of spinal cord injury (SCI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Researchers have only begun their efforts to investigate the pre-injuryincidence of substance abuse in an effort to identify persons at risk for traumatic injury. No studies have compared brain and spinal cord injury populations. This investigation was based in an urban, level one trauma centerfederally designated as a model system of comprehensive rehabilitative services for persons with TBI and persons with SCI. Pre-injury patterns of alcohol and illicit drug use were compared among patients with SCI and patients with TBI, matched for age, gender, race, and mechanism of injury (n = 52). In accordance with previous research, participants were primarily young, unmarried, males with at least a high school education. Eighty-one percent of patients with TBI and 96% of patients with SCI reported pre-injury alcohol use. The rate of pre-injury heavy drinking for both groups was alarmingly high. Fifty-seven percent of persons with SCI and 42% of persons with TBIwere heavy drinkers. Implications for risk identification, treatment, and future research are discussed.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 07:28:23