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Titolo:
Unresolved issues in scientific sexology
Autore:
McConaghy, N;
Indirizzi:
Univ New S Wales, Sch Psychiat, Kensington, NSW 2033, Australia Univ New SWales Kensington NSW Australia 2033 ngton, NSW 2033, Australia
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF SEXUAL BEHAVIOR
fascicolo: 4, volume: 28, anno: 1999,
pagine: 285 - 318
SICI:
0004-0002(199908)28:4<285:UIISS>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MALE SEXUAL ORIENTATION; IMAGINAL DESENSITIZATION; CHILD MOLESTERS; HOMOSEXUAL FEELINGS; OFFENDERS; BEHAVIORS; AROUSAL; METAANALYSIS; PATTERNS; RECIDIVISM;
Keywords:
penile volume and circumference assessment; sex offender treatment; predominantly heterosexual homosexuals; DSM classification of sexual disorders; self-report of number of sexual partners;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
103
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: McConaghy, N Univ New S Wales, Sch Psychiat, High St, Kensington, NSW 2033, Australia Univ New S Wales High St Kensington NSW Australia 2033 tralia
Citazione:
N. McConaghy, "Unresolved issues in scientific sexology", ARCH SEX BE, 28(4), 1999, pp. 285-318

Abstract

A number of unresolved issues in sexology research and practice are reviewed. Penile volume assessment of sexual arousal has consistently proved moresensitive than penile circumference assessment and requires much shorter exposure to the erotic stimuli eliciting the arousal, reducing the subjects'ability to modify their responses. Failure to acknowledge this has allowedacceptance of evidence based on penile circumference assessment that behavioral treatments such as directed masturbation can increase the ability of sex offenders to be heterosexually aroused and aversive therapy can reduce their deviant urges whereas penile volume assessment indicates these procedures are ineffective. A randomized controlled trial of relapse prevention versus no treatment for sex offenders found more treated than untreated subjects reoffended after a mean follow-up period of 4 years. Researchers and therapists accepted that a post hoc statistical manipulation of the results provided evidence of a treatment effect. Subsequently it has been recommended that randomized controlled evaluations of treatments of sex offenders beabandoned Meta-analysis of outcome studies has been used uncritically. Themajority of men and women who report homosexual feelings and/or behavior report predominant heterosexual feelings and behavior and do not identify ashomosexual. These consistent findings remain ignored. Studies of the etiology and development of homosexuality and heterosexuality treat them as distributed categorically rather than dimensionally and investigate only self-identified homosexuals and heterosexuals. With this methodology the predominantly heterosexual majority are excluded or misclassified. The belief that the European concept of the homosexual is a late 19th-century invention is based on an inadequate reading of literature. Limitations of the DSM classification of sexual and gender identity disorders are pointed out. The validity of self-report of sexual behavior has been questioned on the basis thatmen report a markedly higher average number of sexual partners than women. Possible sex differences bl reporting the number of partners who are of the same sex, casual, or perpetrators or victims of sexual coercion and childabuse have not been taken into account. Failure of sexology to progress due to lack of resolution of conflicting issues may contribute to the low impact factor of its journals.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 12:06:20