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Titolo:
Effects of ADHD, conduct disorder, and gender on substance use and abuse in adolescence
Autore:
Disney, ER; Elkins, IJ; McGue, M; Iacono, WJ;
Indirizzi:
Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA 55455 sychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 10, volume: 156, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1515 - 1521
SICI:
0002-953X(199910)156:10<1515:EOACDA>2.0.ZU;2-5
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY; PSYCHIATRIC STATUS; COMORBIDITY; BOYS; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; CHILDREN; ALCOHOL; ADULTS; RISK;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Iacono, WJ Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Elliott Hall,75 E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota Elliott Hall,75 E River Rd Minneapolis MN USA 55455
Citazione:
E.R. Disney et al., "Effects of ADHD, conduct disorder, and gender on substance use and abuse in adolescence", AM J PSYCHI, 156(10), 1999, pp. 1515-1521

Abstract

Objective: The relationships of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder, and gender to substance abuse were studied in a large population-based sample of adolescent twins. Method: Structured interviews were administered to 626 pairs of 17-year-old twins (674 girls and 578 boys) and their mothers to generate lifetime psychiatric diagnoses, and computerized measures of current substance use were obtained. Hierarchical legit analyses were performed to assess the independent effects of ADHD, conduct disorder, and gender on current substance use, frequency of substance use, and DSM-III-R diagnoses of substance use disorders. Results: Conduct disorder was found to increase the risk of substance use and abuse in adolescents regardless of gender. In contrast, independent of its association with conduct disorder, an ADHD diagnosis did not significantly increase the riskof substance use problems. Conclusions: This study found no significant gender differences in the effects of ADHD and conduct disorder on substance use and abuse, although there was some suggestion that girls with ADHD mightbe at slightly higher risk than boys for substance abuse. In addition, increased risk of substance abuse among adolescents with conduct disorder may be primarily confined to those with persistent conduct disorder.

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Documento generato il 24/10/20 alle ore 12:05:28