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Titolo:
EFFECTS OF ELEVATED CO2 NITROGEN SUPPLY AND TROPOSPHERIC OZONE ON SPRING WHEAT .2. NUTRIENTS (N, P, K, S, CA, MG, FE, MN, ZN)
Autore:
FANGMEIER A; GRUTERS U; HOGY P; VERMEHREN B; JAGER HJ;
Indirizzi:
INST PFLANZENOKOL,HEINRICH BUFF RING 38 D-35392 GIESSEN GERMANY
Titolo Testata:
Environmental pollution
fascicolo: 1, volume: 96, anno: 1997,
pagine: 43 - 59
SICI:
0269-7491(1997)96:1<43:EOECNS>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOURCE-SINK RELATIONS; CARBON-DIOXIDE; MINERAL-NUTRITION; ATMOSPHERIC CO2; GROWTH-RESPONSE; STRESS; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; ACCLIMATION; VEGETATION; CARBOHYDRATE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
55
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A. Fangmeier et al., "EFFECTS OF ELEVATED CO2 NITROGEN SUPPLY AND TROPOSPHERIC OZONE ON SPRING WHEAT .2. NUTRIENTS (N, P, K, S, CA, MG, FE, MN, ZN)", Environmental pollution, 96(1), 1997, pp. 43-59

Abstract

CO2 enrichment is expected to alter leaf demand for nitrogen and phosphorus in plant species with C-3 carbon dioxide fixation pathway, thuspossibly causing nutrient imbalances in the tissues and disturbance of distribution and redistribution patterns within the plants. To test the influence of CO2 enrichment and elevated tropospheric ozone in combination with different nitrogen supply, spring wheat (Tritium aestivum L. cv. Minaret) was exposed to three levels of CO2 (361, 523, and 639 mu l liter(-1), 24 h mean from sowing to final harvest), two levels of ozone (28.4 and 51.3 nl litre(-1)) and two levels of nitrogen supply (150 and 270 kg ha(-1)) in a full-factorial design in open-top fieldchambers. Additional fertilization experiments (120, 210, and 330 kg N ha(-1)) were carried out at low and high CO2 levels. Macronutrients (N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg) and three micronutrients (Mn, Fe, Zn) were analysed in samples obtained at three different developmental stages: beginning of shoot elongation, anthesis, and ripening. At each harvest, plant samples were separated into different organs (green and senescent leaves, stem sections, ears, grains). According to analyses of tissue concentrations at the beginning of shoot elongation, the plants were sufficiently equipped with nutrients. Elevated ozone levels neither affected tissue concentrations nor shoot uptake of the nutrients. CO2 and nitrogen treatments affected nutrient uptake, distribution and redistribution in a complex manner. CO2 enrichment increased nitrogen-use efficiency and caused a lower demand for nitrogen in green tissues which was reflected in a decrease of critical nitrogen concentrations, lower leaf nitrogen concentrations and lower nitrogen pools in the leaves. Since grain nitrogen uptake during grain filling depended completely onredistribution from vegetative pools in green tissues, grain nitrogenconcentrations fell considerably with severe implications for grain quality. Ca, S, Mg and Zn in green tissues were influenced by CO2 enrichment in a similar manner to nitrogen. Phosphorus concentrations in green tissues, on the other hand, were not, or only slightly, affected by elevated CO2. In stems, 'dilution' of all nutrients except manganesewas observed, caused by the huge accumulation of water soluble carbohydrates, mainly fructans, in these tissues under CO2 enrichment. Wholeshoot uptake was either remarkably increased (K, Mn, P, Mg), nearly unaffected (N, S, Fe, Zn) or decreased (Ca) under CO2 enrichment. Thus,nutrient cycling in plant-soil systems is expected to be altered under CO2 enrichment. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/07/20 alle ore 22:15:13