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Titolo:
HIV risk reduction in outpatient drug abuse treatment: Individual and geographic differences
Autore:
Broome, KM; Joe, GW; Simpson, DD;
Indirizzi:
Texas Christian Univ, Inst Behav Res, Ft Worth, TX 76129 USA Texas Christian Univ Ft Worth TX USA 76129 av Res, Ft Worth, TX 76129 USA
Titolo Testata:
AIDS EDUCATION AND PREVENTION
fascicolo: 4, volume: 11, anno: 1999,
pagine: 293 - 306
SICI:
0899-9546(199908)11:4<293:HRRIOD>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY-DISORDER; NEW-YORK-CITY; METHADONE-MAINTENANCE; TREATMENT RETENTION; COCAINE USERS; FOLLOW-UP; BEHAVIORS; INFECTION; AIDS; SERVICES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Broome, KM Texas Christian Univ, Inst Behav Res, POB 32880, Ft Worth, TX 76129 USA Texas Christian Univ POB 32880 Ft Worth TX USA 76129 76129 USA
Citazione:
K.M. Broome et al., "HIV risk reduction in outpatient drug abuse treatment: Individual and geographic differences", AIDS EDUC P, 11(4), 1999, pp. 293-306

Abstract

In the national Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Studies (DATOS), many clientsin outpatient methadone treatment (OMT) and outpatient drug-free (ODF) modalities were admitted with multiple sex and needle-risk behaviors, but theyreduced these risks significantly during treatment. Using hierarchical linear model regression analysis, we examined client and treatment program characteristics as predictors of initial risk levels and of reductions over time. Clients who used cocaine frequently before treatment or had antisocial personality disorder entered treatment with elevated risks. In both modalities, cocaine users reduced risky behaviors significantly, but antisocial clients did so only in OMT. Treatment programs located in cities with higher prevalence rates of HIV/AIDS admitted clients with lower baseline levels ofrisk behavior than found in other cities. OMT programs in lower prevalencecities achieved higher rates of risk reduction than programs in higher prevalence cities. Reduction of sex and needle risks in both the Oh rr and ODFmodalities indicates the importance of outpatient drug abuse treatment to national HIV prevention policy.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 07:42:22