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Titolo:
Defining the 'social': towards an understanding of scientific and medical discourses on the social aspects of the new human genetics
Autore:
Cunningham-Burley, S; Kerr, A;
Indirizzi:
Univ Edinburgh, Dept Community Hlth Sci, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, Midlothian, Scotland Univ Edinburgh Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH8 9AG Midlothian, Scotland Univ Edinburgh, Sci Studies Unit, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, Midlothian, Scotland Univ Edinburgh Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH8 9AG Midlothian, Scotland
Titolo Testata:
SOCIOLOGY OF HEALTH & ILLNESS
fascicolo: 5, volume: 21, anno: 1999,
pagine: 647 - 668
SICI:
0141-9889(199909)21:5<647:DT'TAU>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN GENOME PROJECT; HUMAN BEHAVIORAL-GENETICS; PUBLIC-HEALTH; HUNTINGTON-DISEASE; DOWNS-SYNDROME; UNITED-STATES; EUGENICS; FUTURE; DIAGNOSIS; SCIENCE;
Keywords:
new human genetics; social aspects; discourse; cognitive authority;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
116
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Cunningham-Burley, S Univ Edinburgh, Dept Community Hlth Sci, Teviot Pl, Edinburgh EH8 9AG, Midlothian, Scotland Univ Edinburgh Teviot Pl Edinburgh Midlothian Scotland EH8 9AG
Citazione:
S. Cunningham-Burley e A. Kerr, "Defining the 'social': towards an understanding of scientific and medical discourses on the social aspects of the new human genetics", SOCIOL HEAL, 21(5), 1999, pp. 647-668

Abstract

The way in which 'the social' is treated in discourses about the new humangenetics is an important marker of the interests and relative power of thegroups it concerns. Scientists and clinicians are powerful players in suchdiscussions and seem to be able to direct attention towards the social implications of genetics, often viewed as beneficial, rather than to the science and technology itself. This can serve to protect their cognitive authority by promoting the benefits of their work and marginalising more critical commentaries. Here, three aspects of some written accounts of the social aspects of genetics are considered: the social use and abuse of genetics; eugenics and genetic determinism; and professional responsibilities and expertise. We consider the dominant and minority discourses within these accountsand reflect on the stances taken by clinical and molecular geneticists andpublic health specialists. We argue that these discourses create strategicboundaries between science and society which protect scientists' cognitiveauthority, but that critical leverage can nevertheless be garnered when these boundaries become blurred. This might be usefully combined with social scientists' empirical and theoretical analyses of the new human genetics, in order to facilitate more sophisticated and inclusive policy discussions and decisions.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 15:00:47