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Titolo:
Prevalence of asthma and mean levels of air pollution: results from the French PAARC survey
Autore:
Baldi, I; Tessier, JF; Kauffmann, F; Jacqmin-Gadda, H; Nejjari, C; Salamon, R;
Indirizzi:
INSERM, U330, F-33076 Bordeaux, France INSERM Bordeaux France F-33076INSERM, U330, F-33076 Bordeaux, France INSERM, U472, Villejuif, France INSERM Villejuif FranceINSERM, U472, Villejuif, France Fac Med, Casablanca, Morocco Fac Med Casablanca MoroccoFac Med, Casablanca, Morocco
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL
fascicolo: 1, volume: 14, anno: 1999,
pagine: 132 - 138
SICI:
0903-1936(199907)14:1<132:POAAML>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS; SULFUR-DIOXIDE; OZONE; POLLUTANTS; EXPOSURE; HEALTH; SYMPTOMS; ASSOCIATION; RESPONSES; VISITS;
Keywords:
air pollutants; air pollution; asthma; epidemiology; sulphur dioxide;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Baldi, I INSERM, U330, 146 Rue Leo Saignat, F-33076 Bordeaux, France INSERM 146 Rue Leo Saignat Bordeaux France F-33076 deaux, France
Citazione:
I. Baldi et al., "Prevalence of asthma and mean levels of air pollution: results from the French PAARC survey", EUR RESP J, 14(1), 1999, pp. 132-138

Abstract

Among the possible explanations for the recent increase in the prevalence of asthma in several countries, air pollution is one of the foremost publichealth concerns. Data from the "Pollution Atmospherique et Affections Respiratoires Chroniques" (PAARC) survey collected in 24 areas of seven French towns during 1974-1976 were reanalysed to assess the relationship between the prevalence of asthma and the following air pollutants: sulphur dioxide (specific (SO2) and acidimetric methods), total suspended particles (TSP), black smoke (BS), nitrogen dioxide and nitric oxide. Correlation coefficients between annual mean levels of pollution and prevalence of asthma in the different areas were first calculated. Random-effects models were then estimated. Of the 20,310 adults aged 25-59 yrs, 1,291 (6.4%) were found to be asthmatics as well as 195 (6.1%) of the 3,193 children aged 5-9 yrs. A geographical correlation between asthma and annual mean level of SO2 (ranging 17-85 mug.m(-3)) was found (r=0.45, p=0.01) in adults. No relationship was found in children. After controlling for age, educational level, smoking, and geographical clustering,vith a multivariate random-effects model, the relationship remained significant in adults for 802 (odds ratio for a 50 mu g m(-3) increase=1.24, confidence interval 1.08-1.44, p=0.0035). It also remained significant when taking into account only the people reporting their last asthma attack occurring after settling in the study area. These results are consistent with the known short-term effects of 802 in asthma and demonstrate the necessity for further studies on delayed effects of air pollution in respiratory diseases.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/07/20 alle ore 08:10:48