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Titolo:
The functions of the flavin contact residues, alpha Arg249 and beta Tyr16,in human electron transfer flavoprotein
Autore:
Dwyer, TM; Zhang, LN; Muller, M; Marrugo, F; Frerman, F;
Indirizzi:
Univ Colorado, Sch Med, Dept Pediat, Denver, CO 80262 USA Univ Colorado Denver CO USA 80262 Med, Dept Pediat, Denver, CO 80262 USA Univ Colorado, Sch Med, Program Cellular & Dev Biol, Denver, CO 80262 USA Univ Colorado Denver CO USA 80262 llular & Dev Biol, Denver, CO 80262 USA
Titolo Testata:
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-PROTEIN STRUCTURE AND MOLECULAR ENZYMOLOGY
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 1433, anno: 1999,
pagine: 139 - 152
SICI:
0167-4838(19990817)1433:1-2<139:TFOTFC>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COENZYME-A DEHYDROGENASE; ACYL-COA DEHYDROGENASE; PI-PI-INTERACTIONS; ESCHERICHIA-COLI; UBIQUINONE OXIDOREDUCTASE; GLUTATHIONE-REDUCTASE; LIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE; MEGASPHAERA-ELSDENII; LIVER MITOCHONDRIA; CRYSTAL-STRUCTURES;
Keywords:
electron transfer flavoprotein; electron transfer flavoprotein-ubiquinone oxidoreductase; flavoprotein; medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase; glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase; short chain; acyl-CoA dehydrogenase;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Frerman, F Univ Colorado, Sch Med, Dept Pediat, 4200 E 9th Ave, Denver, CO80262 USA Univ Colorado 4200 E 9th Ave Denver CO USA 80262 , CO 80262 USA
Citazione:
T.M. Dwyer et al., "The functions of the flavin contact residues, alpha Arg249 and beta Tyr16,in human electron transfer flavoprotein", BBA-PROT ST, 1433(1-2), 1999, pp. 139-152

Abstract

Arg249 in the large (alpha) subunit of human electron transfer flavoprotein (ETF) heterodimer is absolutely conserved throughout the ETF superfamily. The guanidinium group of alpha Arg249 is within van der Waals contact distance and lies perpendicular to the xylene subnucleus of the flavin ring, near the region proposed to be involved in electron transfer with medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. The backbone amide hydrogen of alpha Arg249 is within hydrogen bonding distance of the carbonyl oxygen at the flavin C(2). alpha Arg249 may modulate the potentials of the two flavin redox couples by hydrogen bonding the carbonyl oxygen at C(2) and by providing delocalized positive charge to neutralize the anionic semiquinone and anionic hydroquinone of the flavin. The potentials of the oxidized/semiquinone and semiquinone/hydroquinone couples decrease in an alpha R249K mutant ETF generated by site directed mutagenesis and expression in Escherichia coli, without major alterations of the flavin environment as judged by spectral criteria. The steady state turnover of medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase decrease greater than 90% as a result of the alpha R249Ks mutation. In contrast, the steady state turnover of short chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase was decreased about 38% when alpha R249K ETF was the electron acceptor. Stopped flow absorbance measurements of the oxidation of reduced medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase/octenoyl-CoA product complex by wild typehuman ETF at 3 degrees C are biphasic (t(1/2) = 12 ms and 122 ms). The rate of oxidation of this reduced binary complex of the dehydrogenase by the alpha R249K mutant ETF is extremely slow and could not be reasonably estimated. alpha Asp253 is proposed to function with alpha Arg249 in the electron transfer pathway from medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase to ETF. The steady state kinetic constants of the dehydrogenase were not altered when ETF containing an alpha D253A mutant was the substrate. However, t(1/2) of the rapid phase of oxidation of the reduced medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase/octenoyl-CoA charge transfer complex almost doubled. beta Tyr16 lies on a loop near the C(8) methyl group, and is also near the proposed site for interflavin electron transfer with medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. The tyrosine residue makes van der Waals contact with the C(8) methyl group of the flavin in human ETF and Paracoccus denitrificans ETF (as beta Tyr13) and lies at a 30 degrees C angle with the plane of the flavin. Human beta Tyr16 was substituted with leucine and alanine residues to investigate the role ofthis residue in the modulation of the flavin redox potentials and in electron transfer to ETF. In beta Y16L ETF, the potentials of the flavin were slightly reduced, and steady state kinetic constants were modestly altered. Substitution of an alanine residue for beta Tyr16 yields an ETF with potentials very similar to the wild type but with steady state kinetic properties similar to beta Y16L ETF. It is unlikely that the beta methyl group of the alanine residue interacts with the flavin C(8) methyl. Neither substitutionof beta Tyr16 had a large effect on the fast phase of ETF reduction by medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 30/09/20 alle ore 09:21:16