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Titolo:
The 4-year course of tic disorders in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Autore:
Spencer, T; Biederman, J; Coffey, B; Geller, D; Wilens, T; Faraone, S;
Indirizzi:
Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Pediat Psychopharmacol Unit ACC725, Psychiat Serv,Boston, MA 02114 USA Massachusetts Gen Hosp Boston MA USA 02114 hiat Serv,Boston, MA 02114 USA Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 Med, Dept Psychiat, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Harvard Inst Psychiat Epidemiol & Genet, Boston, MA02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 t Epidemiol & Genet, Boston, MA02115 USA McLean Hosp, Tourettes Syndrome Clin, Belmont, MA 02178 USA McLean Hosp Belmont MA USA 02178 tes Syndrome Clin, Belmont, MA 02178 USA
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF GENERAL PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 9, volume: 56, anno: 1999,
pagine: 842 - 847
SICI:
0003-990X(199909)56:9<842:T4COTD>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; LA-TOURETTES SYNDROME; OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER; NERVOUS-SYSTEM STIMULANTS; BIPOLAR DISORDER; CHILDREN; METHYLPHENIDATE; FAMILY; ADHD; ADOLESCENTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
49
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Spencer, T Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Pediat Psychopharmacol Unit ACC725, Psychiat Serv,Fruit St, Boston, MA 02114 USA Massachusetts Gen Hosp Fruit St Boston MA USA 02114 A 02114 USA
Citazione:
T. Spencer et al., "The 4-year course of tic disorders in boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder", ARCH G PSYC, 56(9), 1999, pp. 842-847

Abstract

Background: Despite long-standing clinical concerns, relatively little is known about the comorbidity between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and tic disorders. Therefore, we examined tic disorders in an ongoing prospective follow-up study of male subjects with ADHD, a sample unselected for ally comorbid disorder. Methods: One hundred twenty-eight male children and adolescents with ADHD and 110 male controls were comprehensively evaluated at baseline and 4 years later. We characterized tic disorders along with a nide range of neuropsychiatric correlates, including other comorbid disorders and indices of psychosocial function in multiple domains (school, cognitive, social, and family). Results: Compared with controls, subjects with ADHD showed more tic disorders at baseline and more new on-sets were reported at follow-up. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and tic disorders appeared to be independentin course: in contrast to low rates of ADHD remission, tic disorders mostly remitted. The age-adjusted rate of ADHD remission was 20% and that of ticremission, 65%. Tic disorders had little effect on the psychosocial functioning of subjects with ADHD. Conclusions: These findings suggest that comorbidity with a tic disorder has a limited effect on ADI-ID outcome.. However, because of the relatively small sample of subjects with tic disorders, our conclusions should be considered preliminary until confirmed in larger studies of medicated and unmedicated children with ADHD with and without tic disorders.

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Documento generato il 08/04/20 alle ore 12:14:34