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Titolo:
Characterization and observation of animals responsible for rabies post-exposure treatment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Autore:
Reynes, JM; Soares, JL; Keo, C; Ong, S; Heng, NY; Vanhoye, B;
Indirizzi:
Inst Pasteur Cambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Inst Pasteur Cambodge Phnom Penh Cambodia ambodge, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Minst Agr Forests & Peche, Dept Sante & Prod Anim, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Minst Agr Forests & Peche Phnom Penh Cambodia nim, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Titolo Testata:
ONDERSTEPOORT JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH
fascicolo: 2, volume: 66, anno: 1999,
pagine: 129 - 133
SICI:
0030-2465(199906)66:2<129:CAOOAR>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
Cambodia; post-exposure treatment; rabies control;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
6
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Reynes, JM Inst Pasteur Cambodge, 5 Blvd Monlvong,BP 983, Phnom Penh, Cambodia Inst Pasteur Cambodge 5 Blvd Monlvong,BP 983 Phnom Penh Cambodia
Citazione:
J.M. Reynes et al., "Characterization and observation of animals responsible for rabies post-exposure treatment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia", ONDERST J V, 66(2), 1999, pp. 129-133

Abstract

In order to provide relevant therapeutic answers to human patients exposedto risk of rabies infection who visit the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge forpost-exposure treatment and to improve control of rabies in Cambodia, a pilot study was carried out in Phnom Penh Province in November and December 1997 with three objectives: characterization of the population of animals responsible for the exposure to rabies, observation of the animals concerned,and confirmation of the presence of rabies virus in the province. Between 18 November 1997 and 19 December 1997, 409 of the 741 patients treated at the Institut Pasteur du Cambodge because of an exposure to a known rabies Vector were included in the study. The animals concerned were: 401 dogs (98%), six monkeys (1,5%) and two cats (0,5%). Three-hundred-and-seventy of the animals (90,5%) were owned, 4 (1%) were unowned but were available for characterization and observation, and 35 (8,6%) had an unknown ownership statusand were not available for further study. The exposures occurred on private property in 84% of the cases, and 80 of the 370 owned animals (22%) livedin the same home as had the patient. The 374 animals with known ownership status were examined. Five were already dead and two of these five dogs hadpresented clinical signs typical of those of rabies. The male:female sex ratio of the dogs was 2,1:1. The 369 live animals were placed under observation for 10 d immediately after exposure of the humans had taken place. At the end of the period none of the animals had developed clinical signs of rabies, three had died of diseases other than rabies, and one was lost. Testsfor the rabies nucleocapsid antigen were positive in two cases (the two suspected rabid dogs), confirming the presence of rabies in Phnom Penh Province. Consequently, we recommend measures to improve the control of rabies inCambodia.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/04/20 alle ore 23:29:30