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Titolo:
Tracheostomy in cardiosurgical patients: Surgical tracheostomy versus Ciaglia and Fantoni methods
Autore:
Westphal, K; Byhahn, C; Rinne, T; Wilke, HJ; Wimmer-Greinecker, G; Lischke, V;
Indirizzi:
Univ Frankfurt Klinikum, Dept Anesthesiol Intens Care & Pain Therapy, D-60590 Frankfurt, Germany Univ Frankfurt Klinikum Frankfurt Germany D-60590 590 Frankfurt, Germany Univ Frankfurt Klinikum, Dept Thorac & Cardiovasc Surg, D-60590 Frankfurt,Germany Univ Frankfurt Klinikum Frankfurt Germany D-60590 0590 Frankfurt,Germany
Titolo Testata:
ANNALS OF THORACIC SURGERY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 68, anno: 1999,
pagine: 486 - 492
SICI:
0003-4975(199908)68:2<486:TICPST>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PERCUTANEOUS DILATATIONAL TRACHEOSTOMY; INTENSIVE-CARE UNIT; BEDSIDE PROCEDURE; ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION; ELECTIVE TRACHEOSTOMY; COMPLICATIONS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
22
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Westphal, K Univ Frankfurt Klinikum, Dept Anesthesiol, Theodor Stern Kai 7, D-60590 Frankfurt, Germany Univ Frankfurt Klinikum Theodor Stern Kai 7 Frankfurt Germany D-60590
Citazione:
K. Westphal et al., "Tracheostomy in cardiosurgical patients: Surgical tracheostomy versus Ciaglia and Fantoni methods", ANN THORAC, 68(2), 1999, pp. 486-492

Abstract

Background. Patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation are not uncommon in a cardiosurgical intensive care unit. Elective tracheostomy is considered the airway treatment of choice in these patients. Methods. To evaluate different techniques for tracheostomy, we prospectively investigated 120 patients who had conventional open (n = 40), minimally invasive percutaneous dilatational (n = 40), or translaryngeal (n = 40) tracheostomy techniques. The main areas of investigation included oxygenation index (partial pressure of arterial oxygen divided by fraction of inspired oxygen), complications, infection, and cost. Results. The oxygenation index decreased in almost every patient, regardless of the technique used, but the extent of decrease was significantly lower in both minimally invasive techniques compared with the conventional method. Overall complication rate was 12.5% both in open tracheostomy and in percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy, whereas no complications occurred in translaryngeal tracheostomy procedures. Bacterial contamination of the tracheostomy site was found in 35% of the open tracheostomies, whereas no infection was seen in percutaneous dilatational or translaryngeal tracheostomies. In terms of costs, PDT ($506) and TLT ($362) were both much cheaper than open tracheostomy ($699). Conclusions. Percutaneous dilatational and translaryngeal tracheostomies are safe and cost-effective procedures that can be done easily at the patient's bedside and thus are attractive alternatives to conventional surgical tracheostomy in long-term airway access in a cardiosurgical intensive care unit. (C) 1999 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

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Documento generato il 10/07/20 alle ore 02:39:03