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Titolo:
Women, employment status, and hypertension: Cross-sectional and prospective findings from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
Autore:
Rose, KM; Newman, B; Tyroler, HA; Szklo, M; Arnett, D; Srivastava, N;
Indirizzi:
Univ N Carolina, Dept Epidemiol, Cardiovasc Dis Program, Sch Publ Hlth, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA Univ N Carolina Chapel Hill NC USA 27514 Hlth, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Hyg & Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD USAJohns Hopkins Univ Baltimore MD USA h, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD USA Univ Minnesota, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA 55455 demiol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Vet Adm Med Ctr, Jackson, MS 39216 USA Vet Adm Med Ctr Jackson MS USA 39216 t Adm Med Ctr, Jackson, MS 39216 USA
Titolo Testata:
ANNALS OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 9, anno: 1999,
pagine: 374 - 382
SICI:
1047-2797(199908)9:6<374:WESAHC>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORONARY HEART-DISEASE; HIGH BLOOD-PRESSURE; MORTALITY; WORK; MORBIDITY; HEALTH; DEATH; ROLES; RATES; MEN;
Keywords:
African-American; employment status; hypertension; women;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Rose, KM Univ N Carolina, Dept Epidemiol, Cardiovasc Dis Program, Sch PublHlth, 137 E Franklin St,NationsBank Plaza,Suite 306, Chapel Hill, NC 27514USA Univ N Carolina 137 E Franklin St,NationsBank Plaza,Suite 306 Chapel Hill NC USA 27514
Citazione:
K.M. Rose et al., "Women, employment status, and hypertension: Cross-sectional and prospective findings from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study", ANN EPIDEMI, 9(6), 1999, pp. 374-382

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study examined the cross-sectional and prospective associations between employment status and hypertension among middle-aged, African-American (AA) and European-American (EA) women participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study. METHODS: Employed women and homemakers from the baseline examination (1987-89) were included in the cross-sectional study (n = 7351). Associations between employment and the incidence of hypertension ascertained at visit 2 (1990-92) were determined among! those who at baseline, had low-normal bloodpressure (not hypertensive and systolic blood pressure (SBP) less than or equal to 120 mm l-ig systolic and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) less than or equal to 80 mm Hg (n = 3194). Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association between employment status and hypertension by ethnicity, taking into account covariates. RESULTS: At baseline, employed women were less likely to be hypertensive (SBP greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg or DBP greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg or current use of antihypertensive drugs) than were homemakers (prc valence odds ratio (POR) = 0.70; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.62-0.79), controlling for age, body mass index, and education. Among the subgroup who had low normal blood pressure at baseline, employed women were less likely to develop hypertension during the three-year time period than were homemakers (odds ratio (OR) = 0.68; 95% CI = 0.44-1.05). The inverse association was stronger among AA (RR = 0.37; 95% CI = 0.16-0.88) than EA (OR = 0.83; 95% CI = 0.50-1.38) women. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the inverse association between hypertension and employment status is not due to a healthy worker effect, and that employment may confer protection against incident hypertension in women. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 03:58:16