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Titolo:
Individual traits and family contexts predict sons' externalizing behaviorand preliminary relative risk ratios for conduct disorder and substance use disorder outcomes
Autore:
Blackson, TC; Butler, T; Belsky, J; Ammerman, RT; Shaw, DS; Tarter, RE;
Indirizzi:
Penn State Univ, Dept Human Dev & Family Studies, Coll Hlth & Human Dev, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ University Pk PA USA 16802 v, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Univ Pittsburgh, Med Ctr, Dept Psychiat, CEDAR, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15213 , CEDAR, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 USA Allegheny Univ Hlth Sci, Dept Psychiat, Pittsburgh, PA USA Allegheny Univ Hlth Sci Pittsburgh PA USA t Psychiat, Pittsburgh, PA USA Allegheny Univ Hlth Sci, Inst Neuropsychiat, Pittsburgh, PA USA Allegheny Univ Hlth Sci Pittsburgh PA USA ropsychiat, Pittsburgh, PA USA Univ Pittsburgh, Dept Psychol, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15260 Psychol, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 USA
Titolo Testata:
DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 56, anno: 1999,
pagine: 115 - 131
SICI:
0376-8716(19990901)56:2<115:ITAFCP>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DRUG-ABUSE; DIFFICULT TEMPERAMENT; ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR; ACADEMIC-ACHIEVEMENT; CHILD MALTREATMENT; MARITAL CONFLICT; ADOLESCENTS; PATHWAYS; ALCOHOL; ASSOCIATIONS;
Keywords:
etiology; substance abuse; traits; family; behavior problems;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
87
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Blackson, TC Penn State Univ, Dept Human Dev & Family Studies, Coll Hlth &Human Dev, 110 Henderson Pk, University Pk, PA 16802 USA Penn State Univ 110 Henderson Pk University Pk PA USA 16802 A
Citazione:
T.C. Blackson et al., "Individual traits and family contexts predict sons' externalizing behaviorand preliminary relative risk ratios for conduct disorder and substance use disorder outcomes", DRUG AL DEP, 56(2), 1999, pp. 115-131

Abstract

An ontogenetic framework for elucidating the etiology of substance use disorders (SUD) requires identifying how individual traits and family contextscombine to increase risk for SUD outcomes. In this study, we examine individual traits in family context to identify processes that account for the relationship between fathers' SUD + status and sons' externalizing behaviors. Results obtained from SUD + (n = 89) and SUD - (n = 139) families show that fathers' abusive propensities toward their sons mediated the relationship between fathers' SUD + status and sons' externalizing behavior scale (EBS) scores 2 years later. Moreover, individual traits, family contextual variables and deviant peer affiliations accounted for 58% of the variance on sons' EBS scores. Also, high risk cluster (HRC) and low risk cluster (LRC) memberships were derived from cluster analyses of the continuous risk factor scores that predicted sons' EBS scores. Preliminary relative risk ratios show that sons classified into the HRC at age 10-12 were at greater risk for DSM-III-R conduct disorder and SUD outcomes at age 16 than sons assigned tothe LRC, SUD + or SUD - groups. Implications for selected family-based prevention initiatives are presented. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 16/01/21 alle ore 08:07:05