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Titolo:
Duinefontein 2: an Acheulean Site in the Western Cape Province of South Africa
Autore:
Klein, RG; Avery, G; Cruz-Uribe, K; Halkett, D; Hart, T; Milo, RG; Volman, TP;
Indirizzi:
Stanford Univ, Dept Anthropol, Stanford, CA 94305 USA Stanford Univ Stanford CA USA 94305 ept Anthropol, Stanford, CA 94305 USA S African Museum, Dept Archaeol, ZA-8000 Cape Town, South Africa S AfricanMuseum Cape Town South Africa ZA-8000 Cape Town, South Africa No Arizona Univ, Dept Anthropol, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA No Arizona Univ Flagstaff AZ USA 86011 Anthropol, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA Univ Cape Town, Off Contract Archaeol, ZA-7700 Rondebosch, South Africa Univ Cape Town Rondebosch South Africa ZA-7700 Rondebosch, South Africa Chicago State Univ, Dept Geog Econ & Anthropol, Chicago, IL 60628 USA Chicago State Univ Chicago IL USA 60628 Anthropol, Chicago, IL 60628 USA Cornell Univ, Dept Anthropol, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA Cornell Univ Ithaca NYUSA 14853 iv, Dept Anthropol, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF HUMAN EVOLUTION
fascicolo: 2, volume: 37, anno: 1999,
pagine: 153 - 190
SICI:
0047-2484(199908)37:2<153:D2AASI>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MIDDLE STONE-AGE; EARLY-MODERN HUMANS; PALEOANTHROPOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS; EAST-AFRICA; HOMINID; RIVER; CAVE;
Keywords:
Duinefontein 2; Acheulean tradition; Paleolithic ecology; hunting and scavenging;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
72
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Klein, RG Stanford Univ, Dept Anthropol, Stanford, CA 94305 USA Stanford Univ Stanford CA USA 94305 pol, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
Citazione:
R.G. Klein et al., "Duinefontein 2: an Acheulean Site in the Western Cape Province of South Africa", J HUM EVOL, 37(2), 1999, pp. 153-190

Abstract

Excavations at Duinefontein (DFT) 2 near Cape Town, South Africa have recovered numerous stone artefacts and animal bones on an ancient surface sealed within iron-stained eolian sands. U-series analysis of an overlying calcrete places the sands before 150 ka ago, while the large mammal taxa imply an age between 400 and 200 ka ago. The artefacts include a classic Acheuleanhandaxe and probable biface shaping flakes that support this age estimate. The principal mammalian species are long-homed buffalo, black wilde-beest,greater kudu, Cape zebra, and grysbok/steenbok, which imply a grass-and-bush mosaic instead of the historic small-leafed shrubland. Hippopotamus and reedbuck indicate that water stood nearby, probably in dune swales. The large mammal bones are mostly vertebrae and other axial elements, often in near-anatomical order. Both proximal and distal appendicularelements are rare. Bones with carnivore damage are common, but ones with stone tool marks are scarce. The sum suggests a water-edge attritional deathsite where people played a minimal role and carcasses were disarticulated mainly by carnivore feeding and by trampling. Stone tool marks tend to be equally rare at other Acheulean attritional death sites, and the implicationmay be that Acheulean people rarely obtained large mammals, whether by hunting or scavenging. Human scavengers at DFT2 would not have encountered a disproportionate number of distal (versus proximal) limb elements, and it follows that the tendency for distal elements to dominate many archeological assemblages need not reflect scavenging versus hunting. Even if DFT2 was not itself a locus of intense human activity, it provides useful baseline forevaluating bone damage, skeletal part representation, and other variables at sites where people were deeply involved. (C) 1999 Academic Press.

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Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 04:01:22