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Titolo:
Model-based semantic treatment for naming deficits in aphasia
Autore:
Drew, RL; Thompson, CK;
Indirizzi:
E Tennessee State Univ, Johnson City, TN 37614 USA E Tennessee State UnivJohnson City TN USA 37614 hnson City, TN 37614 USA Northwestern Univ, Evanston, IL USA Northwestern Univ Evanston IL USANorthwestern Univ, Evanston, IL USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF SPEECH LANGUAGE AND HEARING RESEARCH
fascicolo: 4, volume: 42, anno: 1999,
pagine: 972 - 989
SICI:
1092-4388(199908)42:4<972:MSTFND>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WORD RETRIEVAL; PICTURE; FACILITATION; DISORDERS; THERAPY; ERRORS;
Keywords:
semantic treatment; naming deficits; aphasia; model-based treatment;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Drew, RL Western Carolina Univ, Dept Human Serv, Cullowhee, NC 28723 USA Western Carolina Univ Cullowhee NC USA 28723 owhee, NC 28723 USA
Citazione:
R.L. Drew e C.K. Thompson, "Model-based semantic treatment for naming deficits in aphasia", J SPEECH L, 42(4), 1999, pp. 972-989

Abstract

An interactive activation model for picture naming was used to guide treatment of a semantic-level deficit in 4 individuals with aphasia and severe picture-naming problems. Participants exhibited a profile consistent with Broca's aphasia with severe naming deficits, part of which was attributable to a semantic impairment based on testing of the lexical system. A semantic-based treatment was used to train naming of nouns in two semantic categories using a single-participant multiple baseline across behaviors and participants. Additional treatment, which included orthographic and phonological information about target words, then was applied. Treatment responses and error patterns demonstrated that semantic treatment resulted in improved naming of both trained and untrained items for 2 of 4 participants. Two participants did not show improved naming until treatment emphasizing the phonological Form of the word was provided. This study demonstrates the utility of using an interactive activation model to plan treatment based on levels of disruption in the lexical processing system.

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Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 12:06:59