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Titolo:
The American Cancer Society challenge goals - How far can cancer rates decline in the US by the year 2015?
Autore:
Byers, T; Mouchawar, J; Marks, J; Cady, B; Lins, N; Swanson, GM; Bal, DG; Eyre, H;
Indirizzi:
Univ Colorado, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Prevent Med & Biometr, Denver, CO 80262 USA Univ Colorado Denver CO USA 80262 ent Med & Biometr, Denver, CO 80262 USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Natl Ctr Chron Dis Prevent & Hlth Promot, Atlanta, GA USA Ctr Dis Control & Prevent Atlanta GA USA & Hlth Promot, Atlanta, GA USA Brown Univ, Women & Infants Hosp, Breast Hlth Ctr, Providence, RI USA Brown Univ Providence RI USA s Hosp, Breast Hlth Ctr, Providence, RI USA Amer Canc Soc, Atlanta, GA 30329 USA Amer Canc Soc Atlanta GA USA 30329Amer Canc Soc, Atlanta, GA 30329 USA Michigan State Univ, Ctr Canc, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA Michigan State Univ E Lansing MI USA 48824 Canc, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA Calif Dept Hlth Serv, Canc Control Branch, Sacramento, CA USA Calif Dept Hlth Serv Sacramento CA USA ontrol Branch, Sacramento, CA USA
Titolo Testata:
CANCER
fascicolo: 4, volume: 86, anno: 1999,
pagine: 715 - 727
SICI:
0008-543X(19990815)86:4<715:TACSCG>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DATA-BASE REPORT; UNITED-STATES; COLORECTAL-CANCER; BREAST-CANCER; SCREENING SIGMOIDOSCOPY; PROSTATE-CANCER; MORTALITY; TRENDS; PREVENTION; RISK;
Keywords:
cancer; rate of incidence; mortality rate; reduction; risk factors; challenge goals;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
50
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Byers, T Univ Colorado, Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Prevent Med & Biometr, Box C245,4200 E 9th Ave, Denver, CO 80262 USA Univ Colorado Box C245,4200 E 9th AveDenver CO USA 80262 262 USA
Citazione:
T. Byers et al., "The American Cancer Society challenge goals - How far can cancer rates decline in the US by the year 2015?", CANCER, 86(4), 1999, pp. 715-727

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Cancer incidence and mortality rates both began to decline in the U.S. in the early 1990s. Recognizing the unprecedented potential benefits of accelerating this decline, the American Cancer Society (ACS) has set ambitious challenge goals for the American public for a 25% reduction in cancer incidence rates and a 50% reduction in cancer mortality rates by the year 2015. This analysis examined the feasibility of reaching those goals byestimating future changes in cancer rates that can result from past and future reductions in cancer risk factors. METHODS, Estimates for future declines in cancer risk factors in the U.S. under alternative scenarios were applied to conservative population-attributable risk estimates for cancer incidence and mortality rates in 1990 to estimate cancer rate trends in the year 2015. RESULTS. If the current trends toward a decline in the prevalence of cancer risk factors continue over the next: decade, by the year 2015 one can expect a 13% decline in cancer incidence rates and a 21% decline in cancer mortality rates below their 1990 levels. With redoubled efforts to reduce the prevalence of known cancer risk factors further, by the year 2015 cancer incidence rates could be reduced by 19% and cancer mortality rates reduced by29%. Such redoubled efforts would equate to approximately 100,000 cancer cases and 60,000 cancer deaths prevented each year by the year 2015. CONCLUSIONS. Past reductions in cancer risk factors in the U.S. populationhave led to recent declines in the rates of cancer incidence and mortalityin the U.S. Redoubled efforts to act on current knowledge regarding how toprevent, detect, and treat cancer can result in attaining approximately 80% of the ACS challenge goal for cancer incidence rates and 60% of the ACS challenge goal for cancer mortality rates by the par 2015. New findings fromcancer research are needed and will have to be applied quickly if the ACS challenge goals are to be met fully. Cancer 1999;86:715-27. (C) 1999 American Cancer Society.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 13/07/20 alle ore 17:31:34