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Titolo:
Inferences and text comprehension
Autore:
Campion, N; Rossi, JP;
Indirizzi:
Univ Paris 11, Equipe Cognit Humaine, CNRS, LIMSI, F-91403 Orsay, France Univ Paris 11 Orsay France F-91403 e, CNRS, LIMSI, F-91403 Orsay, France
Titolo Testata:
ANNEE PSYCHOLOGIQUE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 99, anno: 1999,
pagine: 493 - 527
SICI:
0003-5033(199909)99:3<493:IATC>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
FRE
Soggetto:
PROCESSING CATEGORY TERMS; PREDICTIVE INFERENCES; TIME-COURSE; ELABORATIVE INFERENCES; ANAPHORIC REFERENCE; MENTAL MODELS; OCCUR ONLINE; MEMORY; INFORMATION; SENTENCES;
Keywords:
text comprehension; elaborative inference; prediction; coherence;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
74
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Campion, N Univ Paris 11, Equipe Cognit Humaine, CNRS, LIMSI, BP 133, F-91403 Orsay, France Univ Paris 11 BP 133 Orsay France F-91403 -91403 Orsay, France
Citazione:
N. Campion e J.P. Rossi, "Inferences and text comprehension", ANN PSYCHOL, 99(3), 1999, pp. 493-527

Abstract

Two types of inferences are produced during text comprehension : inferences that are necessary to construct the coherence of the representation and optional inferences. Optional inferences are elaborative and depend on worldknowledge. They are regrouped in three categories: particularization, prediction and superordinate information. Globalist (Singer, Graesser and Trabasso, 1994) and minimalist theories (McKoon and Ratcliff, 1992) predict thatoptional inferences are rarely generated while comprehending a text. A review of experimental studies shows that their generation, is favored by the following factors : the semantic associations provided by the text, the inference's typicality, and the superordinate status of the inference. Other factors do not only favor the generation of optional inferences, but also contribute to building the coherence of the representation : explicit mentionof an instrument, text information causally linked to the inference, focalization of readers attention on information related to the inference, causal explanatory status of the superordinate inference. Recent studies suggestthat the generation process begins with a transitory, and sometimes partial, activation of the inference content and ends with the integration of this activated information at different levels of the representation built from the text. Furthermore, the generation process could only reach the first activation stages for the optional inferences. This partial generation would facilitate complete generation, when additional factors intervene. Thus, beyond the controversy that opposed the globalist and minimalist views of inference generation, a more gradual view of inference processes in text comprehension is proposed.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 15:07:14