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Titolo:
Pulmonary stents
Autore:
Aggarwal, A; Dasgupta, A; Mehta, AC;
Indirizzi:
Cleveland Clin Fdn, Dept Pulm, Cleveland, OH 44195 USA Cleveland Clin FdnCleveland OH USA 44195 t Pulm, Cleveland, OH 44195 USA
Titolo Testata:
MINIMALLY INVASIVE THERAPY & ALLIED TECHNOLOGIES
fascicolo: 3, volume: 8, anno: 1999,
pagine: 175 - 183
SICI:
1364-5706(199906)8:3<175:PS>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TRACHEOBRONCHIAL STENOSIS; FLEXIBLE BRONCHOSCOPY; LUNG TRANSPLANTATION; BRONCHIAL STENOSES; AIRWAY-OBSTRUCTION; METALLIC STENTS; PALMAZ STENT; MANAGEMENT; TRACHEAL; STRICTURES;
Keywords:
pulmonary; stent; tracheobronchial; Wallstent; self-expandable;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Mehta, AC Cleveland Clin Fdn, Dept Pulm & Crit Care Med, 9500 Euclid Ave,Desk A-90, Cleveland, OH 44195 USA Cleveland Clin Fdn 9500 Euclid Ave,Desk A-90 Cleveland OH USA 44195
Citazione:
A. Aggarwal et al., "Pulmonary stents", MIN INVAS T, 8(3), 1999, pp. 175-183

Abstract

The term 'stent' can be defined as a conduit to establish continuity, or achannel across a narrowed area. Stents have recently been devised for the tracheobronchial (TB) tree. Indications for pulmonary stents include benignor malignant TB obstruction and tracheobronchomalacia (TBM). There are twomain types of stents, silicone or tube stents and metallic stents. The latter can be balloon-expandable or self-expandable and self-expandable stentscan be either uncovered or covered. Montgomery silicone T-tubes are the model for present-day silicone stents, of which the Dumon stent is the most widely used. Silicone stents are easier to insert and remove than metallic stents. Their disadvantages include granulation tissue formation, migration and impaired mucociliary function, leading to mucoid impaction. Metallic stents are made of alloys of chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, stainless steel ortantalum. Neo-epithelialisation occurs over the stent in 3-6 weeks, with incorporation of the stent into the airway wall. Wallstents are the most commonly-used metallic stents. The elastic and plastic properties of metallic stents allow them to adapt to the contours of tortuous airways. Tumour overgrowth through the wire mesh is a disadvantage of metallic stents. The search for an ideal stent that can be tailored to individual patient needs, which is made of inert material with minimal airway inflammation; easy to insert and remove; self-expandable; sufficiently elastic to withstand airway pressures; pliable to mould to airway contours; free of complications, such as migration, granuloma formation and accumulation of secretions; and cost-effective, remains unfulfilled. Expertise of the person performing the procedure is an important aspect of stent selection. Endobronchial stenting is acquiring a multi-disciplinary approach and these procedures may have the best outcome if performed in tertiary centres, allowing comprehensive care, as well as a scientific approach. This should eventually lead to the emergence of an ideal stent.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 10/07/20 alle ore 15:47:01