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Titolo:
Specificity of depressive symptoms and suicidality in a juvenile delinquent population
Autore:
Esposito, CL; Clum, GA;
Indirizzi:
Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Dept Psychol 0436, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ Blacksburg VA USA 24061 VA 24061 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND BEHAVIORAL ASSESSMENT
fascicolo: 2, volume: 21, anno: 1999,
pagine: 171 - 182
SICI:
0882-2689(199906)21:2<171:SODSAS>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RISK-FACTORS; ADOLESCENT SUICIDE; MODIFIED SCALE; IDEATION; BEHAVIOR; RELIABILITY; HOPELESSNESS; INVENTORY; VALIDITY; CHILDREN;
Keywords:
depression; suicide; children's depression inventory; juvenile delinquents;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
25
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Clum, GA Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Dept Psychol 0436, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ Blacksburg VA USA 24061 USA
Citazione:
C.L. Esposito e G.A. Clum, "Specificity of depressive symptoms and suicidality in a juvenile delinquent population", J PSYCHOPAT, 21(2), 1999, pp. 171-182

Abstract

Research which has related scores on the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) to suicidality have generally neglected to examine the possibility that specific depressive factors within the CDI may be more predictive of suicidality than the full scale score. Knowledge of such factors would help to explain the relationship between depression and suicidality and improve theprediction of suicidal behavior. The current study examined the relationship of depressive factors to suicidality in a sample of 200 incarcerated juvenile delinquents. The published factor structure for the CDI and one derived from the delinquent population were compared. Results revealed two factors from the derived solution, hopelessness and low self-esteem, to be more powerful predictors of suicidal ideation than the full-scale CDI score. These results suggest that symptoms such as low self-esteem and hopelessness may be responsible for the well-documented relationship between depression and suicidality. Furthermore, it appears that the prediction of suicidality may be improved by examining specific depressive factors in suicide research as opposed to full-scale scores from depression inventories such as the CDI.

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Documento generato il 25/09/20 alle ore 00:37:36