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Titolo:
The potential conflict between clinical and judicial decision making heuristics
Autore:
Rassin, E; Merckelbach, H;
Indirizzi:
Univ Limburg, Dept Psychol, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands Univ Limburg Maastricht Netherlands NL-6200 MD D Maastricht, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES & THE LAW
fascicolo: 2, volume: 17, anno: 1999,
pagine: 237 - 248
SICI:
0735-3936(1999)17:2<237:TPCBCA>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHILDHOOD SEXUAL ABUSE; THOUGHT SUPPRESSION; REPRESSED MEMORIES; PSYCHOTHERAPY; SCALE; SUGGESTIBILITY; ACCUSATIONS; PSYCHOLOGY; VALIDITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Rassin, E Univ Limburg, Dept Psychol, POB 616, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands Univ Limburg POB 616 Maastricht Netherlands NL-6200 MD herlands
Citazione:
E. Rassin e H. Merckelbach, "The potential conflict between clinical and judicial decision making heuristics", BEH SCI LAW, 17(2), 1999, pp. 237-248

Abstract

The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale (GSS; Gudjonsson, 1984) was introducedas a tool for identifying suspects who are at risk of making false confessions. High GSS-scores indicate a greater risk of making false confessions. Recently, some authors have claimed that low GSS-scores can be used to support the credibility of recovered memories. This new application broadens the use of the GSS in two ways. First, low GSS-scores are considered to possess diagnostic value. Second, the GSS is advocated as a practical tool in clinical settings. This article critically evaluates such a clinical application of the GSS. Our main argument has to do with the incompatibility of basic clinical and judicial decision making heuristics. Psychotherapists, and other medical professionals, should base their decisions on different parameters than judicial professionals. Compared to judicial heuristics, clinical heuristics can be characterized as more empathetic, less critical, and less conservative. Given these differences, clinical conclusions (including those about the accuracy of recovered memories) cannot be easily translated into judicial decisions. If they do enter the judicial domain, these conclusions may lead to dubious forensic decisions. Copyright (C) 1999 John Whey & Sons, Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/09/20 alle ore 13:31:30