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Titolo:
Mortality among aerial pesticide applicators and flight instructors: Follow-up from 1965-1988
Autore:
Cantor, KP; Silberman, W;
Indirizzi:
NCI, Occupat Epidemiol Branch, Div Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA NCI Bethesda MD USA 20892 Canc Epidemiol & Genet, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA Fed Aviat Adm, Aeromed Certificat Div, Civil Aeromed Inst, Oklahoma City, OK 73126 USA Fed Aviat Adm Oklahoma City OK USA 73126 nst, Oklahoma City, OK 73126 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 36, anno: 1999,
pagine: 239 - 247
SICI:
0271-3586(199908)36:2<239:MAAPAA>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NATIONAL-DEATH-INDEX; VITAL STATUS; PROPORTIONAL MORTALITY; PANCREATIC-CANCER; RISK; PILOTS; LEUKEMIA; WORKERS; FARMERS; COHORT;
Keywords:
pesticides; cancer; leukemia; prostate cancer; retrospective cohort; pesticide applicators;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Cantor, KP 6120 Execut Blvd,EPS-8106, Bethesda, MD 20892 USA 6120 Execut Blvd,EPS-8106 Bethesda MD USA 20892 , MD 20892 USA
Citazione:
K.P. Cantor e W. Silberman, "Mortality among aerial pesticide applicators and flight instructors: Follow-up from 1965-1988", AM J IND M, 36(2), 1999, pp. 239-247

Abstract

Background Vital status followup for a retrospective cohort mortality study of 9,961 male aerial pesticide applicators was extended beyond a previousstudy (1965-1979) (Cantor et al. 1991), through December 31, 1988. Methods Rate ratios (RR) were used to compare directly adjusted mortality rates between applicators and a comparison cohort of 9,969 flight instructors. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated for comparisons with the U.S. white male population. Results Among applicator pilots, there were 1,441 deaths, and among instructors, 1,045. In both groups, aircraft accidents were the major cause of death (446 applicators; 234 instructors). Compared with flight instructors, aerial applicator pilots were at significantly elevated risk for all causes of death (risk ratio = 1.34) and for malignant neoplasms (1.18), non-motor vehicle accidents (1.71), motor vehicle accidents (1.69), and stroke (1.91), Pancreatic cancer (2.71) and leukemia (3.35) were significantly elevated. Applicators were at lower risk of colon cancer (0.51) and multiple myeloma(0.23) mortality Based on U.S. rates, the SMR for an causes of death amongapplicators was 111 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 105-117) and among instructors, 81 (CI = 76-85),Conclusions Aircraft accidents were a major cause of mortality in both applicator and flight instructor cohorts. Several other causes of death, some possibly related to pesticide exposure, were also elevated among pesticide applicator pilots. Am. J. Ind, Med, 36: 239-247, 1999, Published 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.dagger

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Documento generato il 29/09/20 alle ore 23:52:56