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Titolo:
DETERMINANTS OF CYTOTOXICITY WITH PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO FLUOROURACIL IN HUMAN COLON-CANCER CELLS
Autore:
REN QF; VANGROENINGEN CJ; HARDCASTLE A; AHERNE GW; GEOFFROY F; ALLEGRA CJ; JOHNSTON PG; GREM JL;
Indirizzi:
NATL NAVAL MED RES INST,NCI,MED BRANCH,DEV THERAPEUT DEPT,DIV CLIN SCI,BLDG 8,ROOM 5101 BETHESDA MD 20889 NATL NAVAL MED RES INST,NCI,MED BRANCH,DEV THERAPEUT DEPT,DIV CLIN SCI BETHESDA MD 20889
Titolo Testata:
Oncology research
fascicolo: 2, volume: 9, anno: 1997,
pagine: 77 - 88
SICI:
0965-0407(1997)9:2<77:DOCWPE>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
METASTATIC COLORECTAL-CARCINOMA; THYMIDYLATE SYNTHASE INHIBITION; 5-FLUOROURACIL CYTO-TOXICITY; MOUSE FM3A CELLS; CONTINUOUS-INFUSION; HUMAN-BREAST; NUCLEAR-RNA; DNA-DAMAGE; LEUCOVORIN; RESISTANCE;
Keywords:
FLUOROURACIL; DNA DAMAGE; THYMIDYLATE SYNTHASE; COLON CANCER;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
Q.F. Ren et al., "DETERMINANTS OF CYTOTOXICITY WITH PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO FLUOROURACIL IN HUMAN COLON-CANCER CELLS", Oncology research, 9(2), 1997, pp. 77-88

Abstract

To explore the determinants of cytotoxicity during prolonged exposureto pharmacologically relevant concentrations of 5-fluorouracil (FUra), we studied the effects of FUra at concentrations ranging from 0.1 to1 mu M in HCT 116 and HT 29 colon cancer cells grown in the presence of physiologic levels of leucovorin. A 5- and 7-day exposure to 1 mu MFUra reduced cell growth to 46% and 20% of control in HT 29 cells andto 74% and 38% of control in HCT 116 cells. Concurrent exposure to thymidine (10 or 20 mu M) or uridine (1 mM) provided partial protection against FUra toxicity in HT 29 cells, but did not protect HCT 116 cells. After a 24-h exposure to 1 mu M [H-3]FUra, free 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine-5'-monophosphate (FdUMP) and FUDP + FUTP levels were 0.7 and 144pmol/10(6) cells in HT 29 cells, respectively, and 3.9 and 178 pmol/10(6) cells in HCT 116 cells. FdUMP and FUDP + FUTP pools increased by 5.7- and 2.0-fold in HT 29 cells and by 1.7- and 3.3-fold in HCT 116 cells over the next 48 h, but did not accumulate thereafter. After a 24-h exposure to 1 PM [H-3]FUra, FUra-RNA levels were 158 and 280 fmol/mu g in HT 29 and HCT 116 cells, respectively; FUra-RNA levels increased over time, and reached 700 and 1156 fmol/mu g at day 5. Concurrent exposure to 1 mM uridine for 72 h did not diminish [H-3]FUra-RNA incorporation. Upon removal of [H-3]FUra following a 24-h exposure, FUra-RNAlevels remained relatively stable with 57-78% retained at 120 h. A low level of [H-3]FUra-DNA incorporation was detected in HT 29 cells. Thymidylate synthase (TS) catalytic activity in control cells was 2-foldhigher in HCT 116 cells compared to HT 29 cells (47 vs. 23 pmol/min/mg). Total TS content increased 1.5- to 3-fold over control in both cell lines during FUra exposure, and ternary complex formation was evident for up to 96 h. dTTP pools were not depleted in FUra-treated cells, suggesting that residual TS catalytic activity was sufficient to maintain dTTP pools relative to demand. Surprisingly, the partial inhibition of TS was accompanied by a striking accumulation of immunoreactive ''dUMP'' pools in both lines; dUTP pools also increased 2- to 3-fold. In summary, the gradual and stable accumulation of FUra in RNA noted inboth lines may account for the thymidine-insensitive component of FUra toxicity. Because dTTP pools were not appreciably diminished, the interference with nascent DNA chain elongation and induction of single-strand breaks in newly synthesized DNA in both cell lines may be due tomisincorporation of deoxyuridine nucleotides.

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Documento generato il 27/09/20 alle ore 18:24:49