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Titolo:
Temperament traits in seasonal affective disorder, suicide attempters withnon-seasonal major depression and healthy controls
Autore:
Pendse, B; Westrin, A; Engstrom, G;
Indirizzi:
Univ Lund Hosp, Div Psychiat, Dept Clin Neurosci, S-22185 Lund, Sweden Univ Lund Hosp Lund Sweden S-22185 t Clin Neurosci, S-22185 Lund, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 54, anno: 1999,
pagine: 55 - 65
SICI:
0165-0327(199907)54:1-2<55:TTISAD>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
5-FACTOR MODEL; LIGHT THERAPY; PERSONALITY; VULNERABILITY; ANXIETY; SCALE; MOOD;
Keywords:
seasonal affective disorders; SAD; major depression; suicide attempt; temperament; MNT; KSP;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Pendse, B Univ Lund Hosp, Div Psychiat, Dept Clin Neurosci, S-22185 Lund, Sweden Univ Lund Hosp Lund Sweden S-22185 rosci, S-22185 Lund, Sweden
Citazione:
B. Pendse et al., "Temperament traits in seasonal affective disorder, suicide attempters withnon-seasonal major depression and healthy controls", J AFFECT D, 54(1-2), 1999, pp. 55-65

Abstract

Background: Very few studies have compared the temperament traits in matched suicidal and non-suicidal patients with major depression. Methods: We compared the temperament traits in two matched groups of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), MDD with seasonal subtype (SAD) without any suicide attempt (n = 23) and MDD without seasonal variation who attempted suicide (non-SAD SA), and compared the patients to matched healthy controls by using the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) and the Marke-Nyman Temperament (MNT) questionnaires. Results: Both the SAD and non-SAD SA groups showed significantly higher Somatic Anxiety, Muscular Tension, Psychasthenia, Irritability, Suspicion, and lower Socialization and Validity than the controls. The non-SAD SA group also showed significantly higher Psychic Anxiety,Detachment and Guilt as compared to controls. When the SAD and the non-SADSA were compared, we found significantly higher Somatic Anxiety, Psychic Anxiety and Muscular Tension for the non-SAD SA group. Conclusions: Both SADand non-SAD SA patients display different temperament profiles compared tocontrols and in comparison with each other and the suicide attempters Showespecially high trait anxiety and hostility. Clinical Relevance: The results suggest that trait anxiety and hostility, but not impulsivity, are associated with suicidal behavior in major depression. (C) 1999 Elsevier ScienceB.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 06:04:36