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Titolo:
Effects of a cross-training exercise program in persons with osteoarthritis of the knee a randomized controlled trial
Autore:
Peloquin, L; Bravo, G; Gauthier, P; Lacombe, G; Billiard, JS;
Indirizzi:
Inst Univ Geriatr Sherbrooke, Ctr Rech, Sherbrooke, PQ J1H 4C4, Canada Inst Univ Geriatr Sherbrooke Sherbrooke PQ Canada J1H 4C4 J1H 4C4, Canada Univ Sherbrooke, Fac Med, Sherbrooke, PQ J1K 2R1, Canada Univ Sherbrooke Sherbrooke PQ Canada J1K 2R1 erbrooke, PQ J1K 2R1, Canada Univ Sherbrooke, Fac Educ Phys & Sport, Sherbrooke, PQ J1K 2R1, Canada Univ Sherbrooke Sherbrooke PQ Canada J1K 2R1 erbrooke, PQ J1K 2R1, Canada Hop St Etienne, St Etienne, France Hop St Etienne St Etienne FranceHop St Etienne, St Etienne, France
Titolo Testata:
JCR-JOURNAL OF CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 5, anno: 1999,
pagine: 126 - 136
SICI:
1076-1608(199906)5:3<126:EOACEP>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
OSTEO-ARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS; FUNCTIONAL-CAPACITY; HEALTH-EDUCATION; STRENGTH; FITNESS; MUSCLE; TORQUE; WALKING; IMPACT;
Keywords:
osteoarthritis of the knee; physical training; older;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
53
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Peloquin, L InstJ1Hiv Geriatr Sherbrooke, Ctr Rech, 1036 Belvedere Sud, Sherbrooke, PQ Inst Univ Geriatr Sherbrooke 1036 Belvedere Sud Sherbrooke PQ Canada J1H 4C4
Citazione:
L. Peloquin et al., "Effects of a cross-training exercise program in persons with osteoarthritis of the knee a randomized controlled trial", JCR-J CLIN, 5(3), 1999, pp. 126-136

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate, by means of a randomized controlled trial, the effects of a physical activity program incorporating aerobic, strength, and stretching exercises in individuals with osteoarthritis of the knee. We randomly assigned 137 volunteers ages greater than or equal to 50 to an experimental group or a control group. The experimental group participated in three 1-hour sessions of supervised exercises per week over a 3-month period. The control participants were instructed to continue their usualdaily activities, and they attended 1-hour education sessions twice a month. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated using repeated measurements of parameters related to self-reported health status, physical capacity,and joint tenderness. After 3 months, significantly greater improvements were observed in the experimental group than the control group in terms of: arthritis pain. (p = 0.02), ability to walk and bend (p = 0.03), aerobic capacity (p < 0.0001), hamstring and low back flexibility (p = 0.003), quadriceps and hamstring strength (p < 0.01), and the perception of changes relating to osteoarthritis of the knee and general condition (p ( 0.0001). However, no significant differences were observed between the groups in isokinetic strength of the quadriceps (aII p's > 0.05), joint tenderness (p = 0.18), and health perception (p = 0.7). The overall results suggest that this program is effective forolder persons with osteoarthritis of the knee and that it could contributeto maintaining their independence and improving their quality of life.

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Documento generato il 10/07/20 alle ore 11:33:45