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Titolo:
Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study
Autore:
Baron-Cohen, S; Ring, HA; Wheelwright, S; Bullmore, ET; Brammer, MJ; Simmons, A; Williams, SCR;
Indirizzi:
Univ Cambridge, Dept Expt Psychol, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England Univ Cambridge Cambridge England CB2 3EB hol, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England Univ Cambridge, Dept Psychiat, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England Univ Cambridge Cambridge England CB2 3EB iat, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England StB,artholomews & Royal London Sch Med, Acad Dept Psychol Med, London E1 1B St Bartholomews & Royal London Sch Med London England E1 1BB ondon E1 1B Univ London, Inst Psychiat, Dept Biostat & Comp, London SE5 8AF, England Univ London London England SE5 8AF ostat & Comp, London SE5 8AF, England Univ London, Inst Psychiat, Dept Clin Neurosci, London SE5 8AF, England Univ London London England SE5 8AF lin Neurosci, London SE5 8AF, England
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
fascicolo: 6, volume: 11, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1891 - 1898
SICI:
0953-816X(199906)11:6<1891:SIITNA>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BILATERAL AMYGDALA DAMAGE; FACIAL EXPRESSIONS; ASPERGER-SYNDROME; WORKING-MEMORY; RECOGNITION; MINDS; PET; COMPREHENSION; CHILDREN; ABLATION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
56
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Baron-Cohen, S Univ Cambridge, Dept Expt Psychol, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England Univ Cambridge Downing St Cambridge England CB2 3EB ngland
Citazione:
S. Baron-Cohen et al., "Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: an fMRI study", EUR J NEURO, 11(6), 1999, pp. 1891-1898

Abstract

There is increasing support for the existence of 'social intelligence' [Humphrey (1984) Consciousness Regained], independent of general intelligence. Brothers [(1990) J. Cog. Neurosci., 4, 107-118] proposed a network of neural regions that comprise the 'social brain': the orbito-frontal cortex (OFC), superior temporal gyrus (STG) and amygdala. We tested Brothers' theory by examining both normal subjects as well as patients with high-functioning autism or Asperger syndrome (AS), who are well known to have deficits in social intelligence, and perhaps deficits in amygdala function [Bauman & Kemper (1988) J, Neuropath. Exp. Neurol,, 47, 369], We used a test of judging from the expressions of another person's eyes what that other person might be thinking or feeling. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) we confirmed Brothers' prediction that the STG and amygdala show increased activation when using social intelligence. Some areas of the prefrontal cortex also showed activation. In contrast, patients with autism or AS activated the fronto-temporal regions but not the amygdala when making mentalistic inferences from the eyes. These results provide support for the social brain theory of normal function, and the amygdala theory of autism.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 11:49:39