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Titolo:
Single-subject clinical-outcome research: designs, data, effect sizes, andanalyses
Autore:
Robey, RR; Schultz, MC; Crawford, AB; Sinner, CA;
Indirizzi:
Univ Virginia, Commun Disorders Program, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA Univ Virginia Charlottesville VA USA 22903 Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA So Illinois Univ, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA So Illinois Univ Carbondale ILUSA 62901 s Univ, Carbondale, IL 62901 USA
Titolo Testata:
APHASIOLOGY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 13, anno: 1999,
pagine: 445 - 473
SICI:
0268-7038(199906)13:6<445:SCRDDE>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS; VISUAL-INSPECTION; AUTO-CORRELATION; INTERRATER AGREEMENT; AGRAMMATIC APHASIA; METAANALYSIS; REHABILITATION; FLEXIBILITY; INFERENCE; MODEL;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
119
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Robey, RR Univottesville,Commun Disorders Program, Suite 202,2205 FontaineAve, Charl Univ Virginia Suite 202,2205 Fontaine Ave Charlottesville VA USA 22903
Citazione:
R.R. Robey et al., "Single-subject clinical-outcome research: designs, data, effect sizes, andanalyses", APHASIOLOGY, 13(6), 1999, pp. 445-473

Abstract

In the last 20 years, single-subject research designs have become important forms of aphasia-treatment research for assessing the effectiveness of treatment on a subject-by-subject (or patient-by-patient) basis. In that time, several important developments in the statistical literature centring on the reliability and validity of single-subject research have occurred. Thiswork assesses the state of aphasia-treatment single-subject research in the context of that scholarship and proposes recommendations for future applications through a tutorial-like presentation. This paper details the analysis of published single subject results and proposes recommendations concerning future applications of single-subject designs. The work focuses on fourdomains: designs, data, effect sizes, and analyses. The findings indicate that aphasia-treatment single-subject studies, which are well designed for the most part, yield a short series of autocorrelated data manifesting generally large treatment effects. However, only one analysis satisfactorily controlled Type I and Type II errors under typical clinical-aphasiology applications. That procedure, ITSACORR, is easily accomplished and it expresses outcome in familiar terms. To facilitate understanding, the review promotesa hands-on understanding of the various analysis options through worked examples and clarifies the (in)appropriateness of each procedure for clinicalapplications. Although the focus of the work is treatment for aphasia, thecentral thesis has general application across disorder categories.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 21/09/20 alle ore 08:46:42