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Titolo:
IS THE VOLUME OF DISTRIBUTION OF DIGOXIN REDUCED IN PATIENTS WITH RENAL DYSFUNCTION - DETERMINING DIGOXIN PHARMACOKINETICS BY FLUORESCENCE POLARIZATION IMMUNOASSAY
Autore:
CHENG JWM; CHARLAND SL; SHAW LM; KOBRIN S; GOLDFARB S; STANEK EJ; SPINLER SA;
Indirizzi:
PHILADELPHIA COLL PHARM & SCI,600 S 43RD ST PHILADELPHIA PA 19104 PHILADELPHIA COLL PHARM & SCI PHILADELPHIA PA 19104 ARNOLD & MARIE SCHWARTZ COLL PHRMA & HLTH SCI BROOKLYN NY 00000 PHILADELPHIA COLL PHARM & SCI PHILADELPHIA PA 19104 UNIV PENN,DEPT PATHOL & LAB MED PHILADELPHIA PA 19104 UNIV PENN,RENAL ELECTROLYTE DIV PHILADELPHIA PA 19104 UNIV PENN,DEPT MED,CARDIOVASC SECT PHILADELPHIA PA 19104 KAISER PERMANENTE,ST JOSEPHS HOSP,DEPT PHARM DENVER CO 00000
Titolo Testata:
Pharmacotherapy
fascicolo: 3, volume: 17, anno: 1997,
pagine: 584 - 590
SICI:
0277-0008(1997)17:3<584:ITVODO>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ENDOGENOUS DIGITALIS; SERUM DIGOXIN; FAILURE; SUBSTANCE; OUABAIN; ASSAYS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J.W.M. Cheng et al., "IS THE VOLUME OF DISTRIBUTION OF DIGOXIN REDUCED IN PATIENTS WITH RENAL DYSFUNCTION - DETERMINING DIGOXIN PHARMACOKINETICS BY FLUORESCENCE POLARIZATION IMMUNOASSAY", Pharmacotherapy, 17(3), 1997, pp. 584-590

Abstract

Study Objective. To determine digoxin pharmacokinetics in subjects with different degrees of renal function using fluorescence polarizationimmunoassay (FPIA), which is associated with less interference from digoxin-like immunoreactive substances (DLIS) than radioimmunoassay. Setting. University hospital clinical research center. Participants. Eighteen subjects (mean age 44 yrs) with different degrees of renal function: group 1, creatinine clearance (Cl-cr) below 10 ml/minute; group 2, Cl-cr 10-50 ml/minute; and group 3, Cl-cr greater than SO ml/minute (6 patients in each group). Intervention. Over 5-7 days, 15 serum samples were collected after a single intravenous dose of digoxin 7 or 10 mu g/kg actual body weight (WT) for serum concentration measurements by FPIA. Two-compartment pharmacokinetic parameters (zero-rime intercept of the concentration-time curve of the initial distribution phase [A], zero-lime intercept of the concentration-lime curve of the terminalelimination phase [B], initial distribution phase constant [alpha], terminal elimination rate constant [beta], volume of distribution in the central compartment [V-c] and at steady slate [V-c], total body clearance [Cl], mean residence time [MRT], area under the concentration-rime curve [AUC]) were determined using a nonlinear least squares regression program. Measurements and Main Results. No significant differences were found among groups for A, B, alpha, beta, beta-half-life, V-c/WT, MRT, AUG, and Cl/WT. Significant differences were observed in V-ss/WT (4.8 +/- 1.0, 6.6 +/- 0.5, 6.4 +/- 0.7 L/kg) between group I versusgroup 2 and group 1 versus group 3 (p<0.01). Measured Cl-cr was correlated with Cl (r(2)=0.40, p<0.01), Cl/WT (r(2)=0.29, p<0.05), V-ss (r(2)=0.35, p=0.01), and V-ss/WT (r(2)=0.24, p<0.05). Conclusion. This study confirmed that V-ss is smaller in patients with chronic renal failure (Cl-cr < 10 ml/min) than those without chronic renal failure. Therefore, previous recommendations that lower digoxin loading doses should be administered in patients with renal failure are applicable to digoxin serum concentration monitoring using FPIA.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/10/20 alle ore 01:55:41