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Titolo:
Analysis of the human HLA-DRA gene upstream region: Evidence for a stem-loop array directed by nuclear factors
Autore:
Mischiati, C; Feriotto, G; Bianchi, N; Rutigliano, C; Giacomini, P; Gambari, R;
Indirizzi:
Dept Biochem & Mol Biol, I-44100 Ferrara, Italy Dept Biochem & Mol Biol Ferrara Italy I-44100 ol, I-44100 Ferrara, Italy Univ Ferrara, Ctr Biotechnol, I-44100 Ferrara, Italy Univ Ferrara Ferrara Italy I-44100 tr Biotechnol, I-44100 Ferrara, Italy Regina Elena Canc Inst, Immunol Lab, Rome, Italy Regina Elena Canc Inst Rome Italy a Canc Inst, Immunol Lab, Rome, Italy
Titolo Testata:
BIOCHIMIE
fascicolo: 3, volume: 81, anno: 1999,
pagine: 219 - 228
SICI:
0300-9084(199903)81:3<219:AOTHHG>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MHC CLASS-II; NF-Y; TRANSGENIC MICE; EXPRESSION; TRANSCRIPTION; DNA; SEQUENCES; POLYMERASE; CLONING; BINDING;
Keywords:
NF-Y; HLA-DRA gene; promoter;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Gambari, R Dept Biochem & Mol Biol, Via Luigi Borsari 46, I-44100 Ferrara,Italy Dept Biochem & Mol Biol Via Luigi Borsari 46 Ferrara Italy I-44100
Citazione:
C. Mischiati et al., "Analysis of the human HLA-DRA gene upstream region: Evidence for a stem-loop array directed by nuclear factors", BIOCHIMIE, 81(3), 1999, pp. 219-228

Abstract

Sequence analysis of the far-upstream region of the human HLA-DRA gene hasrevealed the presence of Y' and X' boxes, highly homologous to the well characterized Y and X boxes present within the proximal-promoter region. Comparison of Y, Y', X, and X' box sequences present within different class II MHC genes of different species demonstrates that these boxes are conserved during evolution, suggesting an important role in regulation of gene expression. The far-upstream region and the proximal promoter region of the classII MHC genes could be organized in secondary structures, as suggested for the EA gene, the murine counterpart of the human HLA-DRA gene. The essential feature of this model is a dimerization of the proteins binding to X and X' and/or Y and Y' boxes resulting in a loop-out of the intervening DNA anda rapprochement of the far-upstream and proximal-promoter regions, and consequently of any proteins binding to them. We set up an in vitro approach in order to determine whether proteins bound to sequences present within far-upstream and proximal-promoter regions of the human HLA-DRA gene could direct a secondary structure assembly of regulative regions. Moreover, by gel retardation and DNase I footprinting assays, we demonstrate that similar proteins bind to Y and Y' boxes and, among these proteins, NF-Y was unambiguously identified by antibody-super shift experiments. Taken together, the data presented in this paper provide evidence supporting the hypothesis that a stem-loop array of the 5'-upstream region of the human HLA-DRA gene couldbe directed by nuclear factors. In this manner, additional nuclear factorsbound to the far region could be driven in close proximity of the transcription initiation site. (C) Societe francaise de biochimie et biologie moleculaire / Elsevier, Paris.

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Documento generato il 06/07/20 alle ore 04:58:39