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Titolo:
A procedure for classifying textural facies in gravel-bed rivers
Autore:
Buffington, JM; Montgomery, DR;
Indirizzi:
Univ Washington, Dept Geol Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA Univ Washington Seattle WA USA 98195 Dept Geol Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA
Titolo Testata:
WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH
fascicolo: 6, volume: 35, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1903 - 1914
SICI:
0043-1397(199906)35:6<1903:APFCTF>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GRAIN-SIZE; FLUVIAL GRAVELS; SPATIAL PATTERN; FRICTION ANGLE; SHEAR-STRESS; PEBBLE COUNT; SEDIMENT; CHANNEL; FLOW; TRANSPORT;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Engineering, Computing & Technology
Citazioni:
80
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Buffington, JM US0303l Survey, Div Water Resources, Bldg RL6,3215 Marine St, Boulder, CO 8 US Geol Survey Bldg RL6,3215 Marine St Boulder CO USA 80303
Citazione:
J.M. Buffington e D.R. Montgomery, "A procedure for classifying textural facies in gravel-bed rivers", WATER RES R, 35(6), 1999, pp. 1903-1914

Abstract

Textural patches (i.e., grain-size facies) are commonly observed in gravel-bed channels and are of significance for both physical and biological processes at subreach scales. We present a general framework for classifying textural patches that allows modification for particular study goals, while maintaining a basic degree of standardization. Textures are classified usinga two-tier system of ternary diagrams that identifies the relative abundance of major size classes and subcategories of the dominant size. An iterative procedure of visual identification and quantitative grain-size measurement is used. A field test of our classification indicates that it affords reasonable statistical discrimination of median grain size and variance of bed-surface textures. We also explore the compromise between classification simplicity and accuracy. We find that statistically meaningful textural discrimination requires use of both tiers of our classification. Furthermore, we find that simplified variants of the two-tier scheme are less accurate but may be more practical for field studies which do not require a high levelof textural discrimination or detailed description of grain-size distributions. Facies maps provide a natural template for stratifying other physicaland biological measurements and produce a retrievable and versatile database that can be used as a component of channel monitoring efforts.

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Documento generato il 20/09/20 alle ore 23:42:06