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Titolo:
Factors related to the reporting of childhood rape
Autore:
Hanson, RF; Resnick, HS; Saunders, BE; Kilpatrick, DG; Best, C;
Indirizzi:
Med&Univ S Carolina, Natl Crime Victims Res & Treatment Ctr, Dept PsychiatMed Univ S Carolina Charleston SC USA 29425 Treatment Ctr, Dept Psychiat
Titolo Testata:
CHILD ABUSE & NEGLECT
fascicolo: 6, volume: 23, anno: 1999,
pagine: 559 - 569
SICI:
0145-2134(199906)23:6<559:FRTTRO>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VICTIM-OFFENDER RELATIONSHIP; SEXUAL ABUSE; ADULT RECOLLECTIONS; MENTAL-DISORDERS; STRESS-DISORDER; NATIONAL SURVEY; RISK FACTOR; VICTIMIZATION; PREVALENCE; WOMEN;
Keywords:
child sexual abuse; reporting child abuse; childhood rape; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD);
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hanson, RF Med&Univ S Carolina, Natl Crime Victims Res & Treatment Ctr, Dept Psychiat Med Univ S Carolina 171 Ashley Ave Charleston SC USA 29425 hiat
Citazione:
R.F. Hanson et al., "Factors related to the reporting of childhood rape", CHILD ABUSE, 23(6), 1999, pp. 559-569

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether there would he differences in reported versus unreported cases of childhood rape on incident characteristics including life threat, physical injury, identity of the perpetrator, frequency of assault(s), and rates of posttraumatic stress disorder or major depression. Method: In a telephone interview, a national probability sample of 4,008 (weighted) adult women was screened for a history of completed rape in childhood. Respondents were also assessed for DSM-III-R diagnoses of major depressive episode and/or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Three hundred forty-one (8.5%) of these women were victims of at least one rape prior to the age of 18, for a total of 437 completed rapes. Of these 437 rape incidents, 52 (11.9%) were reported to the police or other authorities. Results: Significant differences were obtained between reported versus nonreported cases on incident characteristics, including life threat, physicalinjury, identity of the perpetrator. Reported cases were more likely to involve life threat and/or physical injury, and were more likely to have beencommitted by a stranger than nonreported cases. No significant differencesbetween reported and nonreported cases were found concerning whether the rape involved a single incident versus series of events, or rates of PTSD ormajor depression. Conclusions: Findings suggest that different characteristics are associated with reported versus unreported cases of childhood rape. Since few cases of childhood rape are actually reported to the authorities, it appears thatwe may be missing valuable information. Implications for research and clinical intervention are discussed. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 16:12:22