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Titolo:
Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health: Assessment of periodontal disease
Autore:
Moore, PA; Weyant, RJ; Mongelluzzo, MB; Myers, DE; Rossie, K; Guggenheimer, J; Block, HM; Huber, H; Orchard, T;
Indirizzi:
UnivAPittsburgh, Sch Dent Med, Dept Dent Publ Hlth, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 US Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15261 ubl Hlth, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 US Univ Pittsburgh, Sch Dent Med, Dept Oral Med & Pathol, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15261 ed & Pathol, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 Univ Pittsburgh, Sch Dent Med, Dept Restorat Dent, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 USA Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15261 at Dent, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 USA UnivSAittsburgh, Grad Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 U Univ Pittsburgh Pittsburgh PA USA 15261 Epidemiol, Pittsburgh, PA 15261 U
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PERIODONTOLOGY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 70, anno: 1999,
pagine: 409 - 417
SICI:
0022-3492(199904)70:4<409:T1DMAO>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PITTSBURGH EPIDEMIOLOGY; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; TOOTH LOSS; IDDM; COMPLICATIONS; IMPACT; POPULATION; PREVALENCE; DURATION;
Keywords:
diabetes mellitus, insulin-dependent; oral health; smoking, adverse effects; periodontal diseases, etiology; follow-up studies;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Moore, PA Univgh,ttsburgh, Sch Dent Med, Dept Dent Publ Hlth, 614 Salk Hall, Pittsbur Univ Pittsburgh 614 Salk Hall Pittsburgh PA USA 15261 , Pittsbur
Citazione:
P.A. Moore et al., "Type 1 diabetes mellitus and oral health: Assessment of periodontal disease", J PERIODONT, 70(4), 1999, pp. 409-417

Abstract

Background: The periodontal disease status of 320 dentate adults, diagnosed 23.7 years previously with Type 1 insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, was evaluated. These patients had been monitored at 2-year intervals as part of a large University of Pittsburgh longitudinal study assessing the medical complications associated with insulin dependent diabetes. Methods: During one of their regularly scheduled medical examinations, a group of 320 adult dentate subjects (mean age of 32.1 years) received a periodontal examination as part of a comprehensive oral health assessment. The oral health assessment collected data regarding demographics, oral health behaviors, tooth loss, coronal and root caries, salivary functions, and softtissue pathologies. For the periodontal assessments, 3 facial sites (mesial, midcervical, distal) of the teeth in the right maxillary/left mandibularor left maxillary/right mandibular quadrants were evaluated for calculus, bleeding on probing (BOP) and loss of gingival attachment (LOA). Results: Attachment loss was significantly greater for older patients whereas BOP and calculus levels were relatively constant across age categories. Univariate analyses of factors possibly related to extensive periodontal disease (LOA greater than or equal to 4 mm for at least 10% of sites examined) indicated an association with older age; lower income and education; past and current cigarette smoking; infrequent visits to the dentist; tooth brushing less than once per day; older age of onset; longer duration of diabetes; and the diabetic complication of neuropathy. A multivariate regressionmodel of all possibly significant factors found current cigarette use (odds ratio [OR] = 9.73), insulin dependent diabetes onset after 8.4 years of age (OR = 3.6), and age greater than 32 years (OR = 3.00) explained the majority of the extensive periodontal disease in this group of diabetic patients. Conclusions: Management and prevention of extensive periodontal disease for Type 1 diabetic patients should include strong recommendations to discontinue cigarette smoking.

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Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 12:22:12