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Titolo:
Transsexualism: A review of etiology, diagnosis and treatment
Autore:
Cohen-Kettenis, PT; Gooren, LJG;
Indirizzi:
Univ,Utrecht, Rudolf Magnus Inst Neurosci, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat Univ Utrecht Utrecht Netherlands NL-3508 TC Child & Adolescent Psychiat Free Univ Amsterdam Hosp, Dept Androl, Amsterdam, Netherlands Free Univ Amsterdam Hosp Amsterdam Netherlands , Amsterdam, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH
fascicolo: 4, volume: 46, anno: 1999,
pagine: 315 - 333
SICI:
0022-3999(199904)46:4<315:TAROED>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEX REASSIGNMENT SURGERY; CONGENITAL ADRENAL-HYPERPLASIA; GENDER IDENTITY DISORDERS; TO-FEMALE TRANSSEXUALS; HUMAN CORPUS-CALLOSUM; TERM FOLLOW-UP; HUMAN-BRAIN; PRENATAL EXPOSURE; BIRTH-ORDER; POSTOPERATIVE TRANSSEXUALS;
Keywords:
transsexualism; gender identity disorder; gender dysphoria; sex reassignment;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
168
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Cohen-Kettenis, PT Acadrecht,nhuis, Dept Child & Adolescent Psychiat, POB 85500, NL-3508 GA Ut Acad Ziekenhuis POB 85500 Utrecht Netherlands NL-3508GA
Citazione:
P.T. Cohen-Kettenis e L.J.G. Gooren, "Transsexualism: A review of etiology, diagnosis and treatment", J PSYCHOSOM, 46(4), 1999, pp. 315-333

Abstract

Transsexualism is considered to be the extreme end of the spectrum of gender identity disorders characterized by, among other things, a pursuit of sex reassignment surgery (SRS). The origins of transsexualism are still largely unclear. A first indication of anatomic brain differences between transsexuals and nontranssexuals has been found. Also, certain parental (rearing)factors seem to be associated with transsexualism. Some contradictory findings regarding etiology, psychopathology and success of SRS seem to be related to the fact that certain subtypes of transsexuals follow different developmental routes. The observations that psychotherapy is not helpful in altering a crystallized cross-gender identity and that certain transsexuals donot show severe psychopathology has led clinicians to adopt sex reassignment as a treatment option. In many countries, transsexuals are now treated according to the Standards of Care of the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association, a professional organization in the field of transsexualism. Research on postoperative functioning of transsexuals does not allow for unequivocal conclusions, but there is little doubt that sex reassignment substantially alleviates the suffering of transsexuals. However, SRS is no panacea. Psychotherapy may be needed to help transsexuals in adaptingto the new situation or in dealing with issues that could not be addressedbefore treatment. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/12/20 alle ore 15:41:17