Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Cigarette smoking and mortality risk - Twenty-five-year follow-up of the seven countries study
Autore:
Jacobs, DR; Adachi, H; Mulder, I; Kromhout, D; Menotti, A; Nissinen, A; Blackburn, H;
Indirizzi:
Univ Minnesota, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, Minneapolis, MN 55454 USA Univ Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA 55454 demiol, Minneapolis, MN 55454 USA Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Bilthoven, Netherlands Natl Inst Publ Hlth& Environm Bilthoven Netherlands hoven, Netherlands Natl,Inst Publ Hlth & Environm Protect, Dept Chron Dis & Environm Epidemiol Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm Protect Bilthoven Netherlands Epidemiol Univ Kuopio, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland UnivKuopio Kuopio Finland FIN-70211 Practice, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF INTERNAL MEDICINE
fascicolo: 7, volume: 159, anno: 1999,
pagine: 733 - 740
SICI:
0003-9926(19990412)159:7<733:CSAMR->2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CORONARY HEART-DISEASE; MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN; LUNG-CANCER; QUITTING SMOKING; UNITED-STATES; NONHEMORRHAGIC STROKE; MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION; BRITISH DOCTORS; META-ANALYSIS; 7 COUNTRIES;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Jacobs, DR Univeapolis,ta, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, 1300 S 2nd St,Suite 300, Minn Univ Minnesota 1300 S 2nd St,Suite 300 Minneapolis MN USA 55454
Citazione:
D.R. Jacobs et al., "Cigarette smoking and mortality risk - Twenty-five-year follow-up of the seven countries study", ARCH IN MED, 159(7), 1999, pp. 733-740

Abstract

Background: Although most observations in the Seven Countries Study suggest that cigarette smoking is harmful for health, universality of this conclusion remains controversial. Subjects and Methods: Cohort-specific and pooled smoking habits at baseline (1957-1964) in 12763 men aged 40 through 59 years living in Europe, the United States, and Japan in relation to 25-year mortality followup. Pooled hazard ratios for smokers vs never smokers were calculated by the Cox proportional hazards model, adjusting for baseline country of residence, age, body mass index, serum cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, and clinical cardiovascular disease. Results: Adjusted hazard ratios for all-causes death in smokers compared with never smokers were 1.3 (95% confidence interval, 1.2-1.4) for smokers of less than 10 cigarettes per day and 1.8 (95% confidence interval, 1.7-1.9) for smokers of 10 cigarettes per day or more. Hazard ratios were elevatedfor death due to coronary heart disease, all stroke, other arterial disease, lung cancer, other cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and other disease in smokers compared with never smokers. Within country, a few instances in which never smokers had a higher cause-specific death rate thansmokers of 10 cigarettes per day or more were attributable to random variation associated with low prevalence of never smokers and multiple comparisons. Conclusions: These findings confirm the association of cigarette smoking with elevated risk of mortality from all causes, several cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Risk associated with cigarette smoking is independent of culture.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 10:47:46