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Titolo:
CHILDHOOD ATTACHMENT AND LOSS EXPERIENCES AFFECT ADULT CARDIOVASCULARAND CORTISOL FUNCTION
Autore:
LUECKEN LJ;
Indirizzi:
DUKE UNIV,MED CTR,DEPT PSYCHIAT,BEHAV MED RES CTR,BOX 3926 DURHAM NC 27710
Titolo Testata:
Psychosomatic medicine
fascicolo: 6, volume: 60, anno: 1998,
pagine: 765 - 772
SICI:
0033-3174(1998)60:6<765:CAALEA>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
RHESUS-MONKEYS; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; MATERNAL SEPARATION; PARENTAL DEATH; STRESS; RESPONSES; INFANTS; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; PERSONALITY; REACTIVITY;
Keywords:
CORTISOL CARDIOVASCULAR; REACTIVITY; CARETAKING; PARENTAL LOSS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
L.J. Luecken, "CHILDHOOD ATTACHMENT AND LOSS EXPERIENCES AFFECT ADULT CARDIOVASCULARAND CORTISOL FUNCTION", Psychosomatic medicine, 60(6), 1998, pp. 765-772

Abstract

Objective: This study proposes to test the hypothesis that early lossof a parent, coupled with poor quality family relationships, would result in long-term increased cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity to stress. Methods: Subjects included 30 university students who lost oneparent before age 16, and 31 control subjects. Blood pressure (BP) was measured continuously during 5-minute baseline and recovery periods,and during each of 2 tasks-viewing a 7-minute video clip depicting the death of a parent, and giving a 3-minute impromptu speech (1-hour rest between tasks). Salivary cortisol samples were collected immediately before each task, and at 5 and 20 minutes posttask. Quality of family relationships (FR) was measured using the Moos Family Environment Scale. Results: Repeated-measures analysis of covariance revealed significant main effects on BP of both parental loss and FR for both tasks (all p values < .05) such that subjects who lost a parent or reported poor quality FR showed higher BP across all periods. The loss by FR by period interaction was not significant. An FR by period interaction was found for cortisol during the movie, in which poor quality FR subjects showed increased cortisol, whereas all others showed decreases. A loss by period interaction was found for cortisol during the speech, inwhich cortisol increased in loss subjects and decreased in non-loss subjects. Conclusions: These findings indicate that both childhood lossof a parent and poor quality of caretaking are associated with long-term increases in BP and altered neurohormonal responses to stress.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/01/20 alle ore 16:46:18