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Titolo:
HIV RISK REDUCTION INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS WITH SEVERE MENTAL-ILLNESS
Autore:
KELLY JA;
Indirizzi:
MED COLL WISCONSIN,CTR AIDS INTERVENT RES,DEPT PSYCHIAT & BEHAV MED,1201 N PROSPECT AVE MILWAUKEE WI 53202
Titolo Testata:
Clinical psychology review
fascicolo: 3, volume: 17, anno: 1997,
pagine: 293 - 309
SICI:
0272-7358(1997)17:3<293:HRRIFP>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AIDS-RISK; PSYCHIATRIC-INPATIENTS; ILL ADULTS; INFECTION; BEHAVIOR; WOMEN; PREVENTION; EDUCATION; SEROPREVALENCE; PREVALENCE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
49
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
J.A. Kelly, "HIV RISK REDUCTION INTERVENTIONS FOR PERSONS WITH SEVERE MENTAL-ILLNESS", Clinical psychology review, 17(3), 1997, pp. 293-309

Abstract

Recent seroprevalence studies have shown alarming rates of HIV infection among severely mentally ill men and women in large urban areas, and HIV behavioral epidemiology research indicates that a substantial proportion of seriously mentally ill adults engage in activities that increase their vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. In this paper the research literature on HIV prevention interventions is reviewed including reports that have described HIV prevention programs, studies that have used uncontrolled pre- and postintervention methods to evaluate risk reduction interventions, and those that have used rigorous randomized designs and examined risk behavior change. Collectively, these studies show that intensive, small-group interventions that target a variety of risk-related dimensions - including knowledge, attitudes, and motivations, and behavioral and cognitive skills - can produce at least short-term reductions in high-risk sexual behavior among the severely mentally ill. A number of gaps in the research literature are identified including the need to: (a) better tailor interventions to risk situations encountered by the mentally ill; (b) develop gender-tailored interventions; (c) examine and implement HIV prevention programs so they help persons sustain behavior change; (d) explore one-on-one counseling and community-level intervention methods; and (e) develop risk reduction interventions for already-seropositive individuals. implications for service provision are discussed. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 05:44:33