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Titolo:
MIC-BASED INTERSPECIES PREDICTION OF THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF CIPROFLOXACIN ON BACTERIA OF DIFFERENT SUSCEPTIBILITIES IN AN IN-VITRO DYNAMIC-MODEL
Autore:
FIRSOV AA; VOSTROV SN; SHEVCHENKO AA; ZINNER SH; CORNAGLIA G; PORTNOY YA;
Indirizzi:
CTR SCI & TECHNOL LEKBIO TECH,DEPT PHARMACOKINET,8 NAUCHNY PROEZD MOSCOW 117246 RUSSIA BROWN UNIV,DEPT MED,DIV INFECT DIS PROVIDENCE RI 02912 UNIV VERONA,INST MICROBIOL I-37100 VERONA ITALY
Titolo Testata:
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
fascicolo: 11, volume: 42, anno: 1998,
pagine: 2848 - 2852
SICI:
0066-4804(1998)42:11<2848:MIPOTA>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PHARMACOKINETICS; PHARMACODYNAMICS; PARAMETERS; EFFICACY; CURVE; AREA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
A.A. Firsov et al., "MIC-BASED INTERSPECIES PREDICTION OF THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECTS OF CIPROFLOXACIN ON BACTERIA OF DIFFERENT SUSCEPTIBILITIES IN AN IN-VITRO DYNAMIC-MODEL", Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 42(11), 1998, pp. 2848-2852

Abstract

Multiple predictors of fluoroquinolone antimicrobial effects (AMEs) are not usually examined simultaneously in most studies. To compare thepredictive potentials of the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC)-to-MIC ratio (AUC/MIC), the AUC above MIC (AUC(eff)), and the time above MIC (T-eff), the kinetics of killing and regrowth of four bacterial strains exposed to monoexponentially decreasing concentrations of ciprofloxacin were studied in an in vitro dynamic model. The MICs of ciprofloxacin for clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli 11775 (I) and 204 (II), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were 0.6, 0.013, 0.08, and 0.15 mu g/ml, respectively. The simulated values ofAUC were designed to provide similar 1,000-fold (S. aureus, E. coli I, and P. aeruginosa) or 2,000-fold (E. coli II) ranges of the AUC/MIC. In each case except for the highest AUC/MIC ratio, the observation periods included complete regrowth in the time-kill curve studies. The AME was expressed by its intensity, I-E (the area between the control growth and time-kill and regrowth curves up to the point where the viable counts of regrowing bacteria are close to the maximum values observed without drug). For most AUC ranges the I-E-AUC curves were fitted by an E-max (maximal effect) model, whereas the effects observed at very high AUCs were greater than those predicted by the model. The AUCs that produced 50% of maximal AME were proportional to the MICs for the strains studied, but maximal AMEs (I-Emax) and the extent of sigmoidicity (s) were not related to the MIC. Both T-eff and log AUC/MIC correlated well with I-E (r(2) = 0.98 in both cases) in a species-independent fashion. Unlike T-eff or log AUC/MIC, a specific relationship between I-E and log AUC(eff) was inherent in each strain. Although each I-E and log AUC(eff) plot was fitted by linear regression (r(2) = 0.97 to 0.99), these plots were not superimposed and therefore are bacterial species dependent. Thus, AUC/MIC and T-eff were better predictors of ciprofloxacin's AME than AUC(eff). This study suggests that optimal predictors of the AME produced by a given quinolone (intraquinolone predictors) may be established by examining its AMEs against bacteria of different susceptibilities. T-eff was shown previously also to be the best interquinolone predictor, but unlike AUC/MIC, it cannot be used to compare different quinolones. AUC/MIC might be the best predictor of the AME in comparisons of different quinolones.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/09/20 alle ore 00:31:42