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Titolo:
ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AS SEQUELAE OF ABUSE AND CONDUCT DISORDER IN CHILDHOOD
Autore:
KUNITZ SJ; LEVY JE; MCCLOSKEY J; GABRIEL KR;
Indirizzi:
UNIV ROCHESTER,MED CTR,DEPT COMMUNITY & PREVENT MED,SCH MED & DENT,BOX 644,601 ELMWOOD AVE ROCHESTER NY 14642 UNIV ARIZONA,DEPT ANTHROPOL TUCSON AZ 85721 UNIV NEW MEXICO,CTR ALCOHOLISM SUBST ABUSE & ADDICT ALBUQUERQUE NM 87131 UNIV ROCHESTER,DEPT STAT ROCHESTER NY 14627
Titolo Testata:
Child abuse & neglect
fascicolo: 11, volume: 22, anno: 1998,
pagine: 1079 - 1091
SICI:
0145-2134(1998)22:11<1079:ADADVA>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AMERICAN-INDIAN CHILDREN; FAMILY DISHARMONY; SEXUAL ABUSE; NEGLECT; SOUTHWEST; PROFILE; GENESIS; WOMEN;
Keywords:
NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS; ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE; ABUSE; CONDUCT DISORDER;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S.J. Kunitz et al., "ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AS SEQUELAE OF ABUSE AND CONDUCT DISORDER IN CHILDHOOD", Child abuse & neglect, 22(11), 1998, pp. 1079-1091

Abstract

Objectives: To examine in the Navajo population: (1) the importance of childhood abuse as a risk factor for conduct disorder; (2) the importance of each form of abuse and conduct disorder as risk factors for alcohol dependence; and (3) the relative importance of each form of abuse, conduct disorder, and alcohol dependence as risk factors for beinga perpetrator and/or victim of domestic violence. Method: The study is based on a case-control design, Cases (204 men and 148 women) between the ages of 21 and 65 were interviewed in alcohol treatment program and matched to community controls. There were two groups of controls: alcohol dependent (374 men, 60 women) and nonalcohol dependent (157 men, 143 women). When adjusted for stratification by age, community of residence, and sex, the combined control groups comprise a representative sample of the Navajo male and female population 21-65 years of age. Results: The prevalence of physical and sexual abuse before age 15 iswithin limits observed in other populations. Each form of abuse is a risk factor for conduct disorder. Along with conduct disorder, physical abuse is a risk factor for alcohol dependence. Physical abuse and alcohol dependence are independent risk factors for being involved in domestic violence as both perpetrator and victim. There appears to have been no secular trend in the incidence of childhood abuse over the past several generations, but there is suggestive evidence that domestic violence has become more common. Conclusions: Physical abuse is a significant risk factor for alcohol dependence as well as for domestic violence independent of the effects of alcohol abuse. The effects of sexual abuse with regard to both domestic violence and alcohol dependence do not appear to be significant. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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Documento generato il 21/09/20 alle ore 05:00:44