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Titolo:
PROSTATITIS
Autore:
DOMINGUE GJ; HELLSTROM WJG;
Indirizzi:
TULANE UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT UROL,SL-42,1430 TULANE AVE NEW ORLEANS LA 70112 TULANE UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT MICROBIOL & IMMUNOL NEW ORLEANS LA 70112
Titolo Testata:
Clinical microbiology reviews (Print)
fascicolo: 4, volume: 11, anno: 1998,
pagine: 604 -
SICI:
0893-8512(1998)11:4<604:>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COAGULASE-NEGATIVE STAPHYLOCOCCI; CHRONIC ABACTERIAL PROSTATITIS; CHRONIC IDIOPATHIC PROSTATITIS; CHRONIC BACTERIAL PROSTATITIS; CHLAMYDIA-TRACHOMATIS; NONBACTERIAL PROSTATITIS; UREAPLASMA-UREALYTICUM; GRANULOMATOUS PROSTATITIS; TRICHOMONAS-VAGINALIS; DISEASE;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
73
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G.J. Domingue e W.J.G. Hellstrom, "PROSTATITIS", Clinical microbiology reviews (Print), 11(4), 1998, pp. 604

Abstract

The laboratory diagnosis of acute bacterial prostatitis is straightforward and easily accomplished in clinical laboratories. Chronic bacterial prostatitis, and especially chronic idiopathic prostatitis (mosi often referred to as abacterial prostatitis), presents a real challengeto the clinician and clinical microbiologist. Clinically, the diagnosis of chronic idiopathic prostatitis is differentiated fi om that of acute prostatitis by a lack of prostatic inflammation and no ''significant'' (controversial) leukocytes of bacteria in the expressed prostatic secretions. Despite these diagnostic criteria, the etiology of chronic idiopathic prostatitis is unknown. While this review covers the entire spectrum of microbially microbially caused acute prostatitis (including common and uncommon bacteria, viruses fungi, and parasites) and microbially associated chronic prostatitis, a special focus has been given to chronic idiopathic prostatitis. The idiopathic syndrome is commonly diagnosed in men but is poorly treated. Recent data convincinglysuggests a possible bacterial etiology for the condition. Provocativemolecular studies have been published reporting the presence of 16S rRNA bacterial sequences in prostate biopsy tissue that is negative forordinary bacteria by routine culture in men with chronic idiopathic prostatitis. Additionally, special culture methods have indicated that difficult-to-culture coryneforms and coagulase-negntive staphylococci are present in expressed prostatic secretions found io be negative by routine culture techniques. Treatment failures are riot uncommon in chronic prostatitis. Literature reports suggest that antimicrobial treatment failures in chronic idiopathic prostatitis caused by organisms producing extracellular slime might result from the virulent properties of coagulase-negative staphylococci or other bacteria. While ii is difficult to definitively extrapolate from animal models, antibiotic pharmokinetic studies with a murine model have suggested that treatment failures in chronic prostatitis are probably a result of the local microenvironment surrounding the persistent focal and well-protected small bacterial biofilms buried within the prostate gland. These conclusionssupport the molecular and culture data implicating bacteria as a cause of chronic idiopathic prostatitis.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/11/20 alle ore 18:53:44