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Titolo:
SMOKING, ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION, AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TO THE COMMON COLD
Autore:
COHEN S; TYRRELL DAJ; RUSSELL MAH; JARVIS MJ; SMITH AP;
Indirizzi:
CARNEGIE MELLON UNIV,DEPT PSYCHOL PITTSBURGH PA 15213 MRC,COMMON COLD UNIT SALISBURY ENGLAND MRC,ADDICT RES UNIT LONDON WC1E 6AS ENGLAND UNIV WALES COLL CARDIFF CARDIFF CF1 3NS S GLAM WALES
Titolo Testata:
American journal of public health
fascicolo: 9, volume: 83, anno: 1993,
pagine: 1277 - 1283
SICI:
0090-0036(1993)83:9<1277:SAASTT>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CIGARETTE-SMOKING; IMMUNITY; SMOKERS; TESTS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social Sciences Citation Index
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
30
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
S. Cohen et al., "SMOKING, ALCOHOL-CONSUMPTION, AND SUSCEPTIBILITY TO THE COMMON COLD", American journal of public health, 83(9), 1993, pp. 1277-1283

Abstract

Objectives. This study was conducted to test the supposition that both smoking and consuming alcohol suppress host resistance to viral infections. Methods. The relations between smoking, alcohol consumption, and the incidence of documented clinical colds were prospectively studied among 391 subjects intentionally exposed to one of five respiratoryviruses and 26 subjects given saline. Clinical colds were defined as clinical symptoms verified by the isolation of virus or by an increasein virus-specific antibody titer. Analyses included control variablesfor demographics; body weight; virus; and environmental, immunological and psychological factors. Results. Smokers were at greater risk fordeveloping colds than nonsmokers because smokers were more likely both to develop infections and to develop illness following infection. Greater numbers of alcoholic drinks (up to three or four per day) were associated with decreased risk for developing colds because drinking was associated with decreased illness following infection. However, the benefits of drinking occurred only among nonsmokers. Conclusions. Susceptibility to colds was increased by smoking. Although alcohol consumption did not influence risk of clinical illness for smokers, moderate alcohol consumption was associated with decreased risk for nonsmokers.

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Documento generato il 22/10/20 alle ore 21:19:49