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Titolo:
THE ETIOLOGY OF BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA AND MENINGITIS IN VIETNAM
Autore:
TRAM TT; THINH LQ; NGA TT; NGUYEN NTV; PEDERSEN FK; SCHLUMBERGER M;
Indirizzi:
ASSOC AIDE MED PREVENT,3 AVE PASTEUR F-92430 MARNES COQUETTE FRANCE PEDIAT HOSP 1 THANH PHO HO CHI MINH VIETNAM UNIV COPENHAGEN,RIGSHOSP,PEDIAT CLIN 2 DK-2100 COPENHAGEN DENMARK PASTEUR MERIEUX CONNAUGHT & AMP MARNES COQUETTE FRANCE
Titolo Testata:
The Pediatric infectious disease journal
fascicolo: 9, volume: 17, anno: 1998, supplemento:, S
pagine: 192 - 194
SICI:
0891-3668(1998)17:9<192:TEOBPA>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
HAEMOPHILUS INFLUENZAE; HIB; BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA; MENINGITIS; VIETNAM;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
6
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T.T. Tram et al., "THE ETIOLOGY OF BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA AND MENINGITIS IN VIETNAM", The Pediatric infectious disease journal, 17(9), 1998, pp. 192-194

Abstract

Background. To date no studies on the incidence of Haemophilus influenzas type b (Hib) disease, Hib carrier rates in infants and children or the proportion of bacterial meningitis cases caused by Hib in Vietnam have been performed. The availability of safe and highly effective Hib vaccines makes such information important. Methods. The bacterial etiology of a sample of infants and children with pneumonia and meningitis seen at Pediatric Hospital No. 1 in Ho Chi Minh City was studied by culture and latex agglutination of blood, cerebrospinal fluid, urineand pleural fluid. The carriage rate of pneumococci and Hib was studied in a sample of outpatient children. Results. Hib caused 53% of 34 culture-proven bacterial meningitis cases and pneumococci caused 18%, Of 31 meningitis cases diagnosed by latex agglutination, 39% were caused by Hib and 55% by pneumococci. Ninety percent of cases of Hib meningitis occurred in children <1 year of age. Fifty percent of meningitis cases were associated with acute respiratory infection, In 213 bacteremic pneumonia cases 92.5% of blood cultures grew Streptococcus pneumoniae and only 1% grew Hib. The carrier rate of Hib in outpatients <5 years of age with upper respiratory tract infection increased from 2% to7.6% between 1993 and 1996. Conclusion. Hib is the most frequent cause of meningitis in infants and children admitted to hospitals in SouthVietnam. Ninety percent of Hib meningitis cases occur in patients <1 year of age. Bacteremic Hib pneumonia in Vietnam is rare. The results suggest that Hib is the major cause of meningitis in Vietnam but do not permit conclusions regarding its true incidence. The carrier rate ofHib in children <5 years of age in Vietnam has increased to similar to 7% since 1993,

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 08/07/20 alle ore 07:52:56