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Titolo:
BIOLOGICAL DELINEATION OF TERRESTRIAL BUFFER ZONES FOR POND-BREEDING SALAMANDERS
Autore:
SEMLITSCH RD;
Indirizzi:
UNIV MISSOURI,DIV BIOL SCI,105 TUCKER HALL COLUMBIA MO 65211
Titolo Testata:
Conservation biology
fascicolo: 5, volume: 12, anno: 1998,
pagine: 1113 - 1119
SICI:
0888-8892(1998)12:5<1113:BDOTBZ>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
AMBYSTOMA-TALPOIDEUM; LARVAL DENSITY; MIGRATION; POPULATION; CONSERVATION; DISPERSAL; BEHAVIOR; FLORIDA; OPACUM; TIME;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
55
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R.D. Semlitsch, "BIOLOGICAL DELINEATION OF TERRESTRIAL BUFFER ZONES FOR POND-BREEDING SALAMANDERS", Conservation biology, 12(5), 1998, pp. 1113-1119

Abstract

Many semi-aquatic organisms, such as salamanders, depend on both aquatic and terrestrial habitats to complete their life cycle and maintainviable populations. But current U.S. federal and state regulations protect only the wetland itself or arbitrarily defined portions of terrestrial habitat, if any. Part of the reason terrestrial habitats adjacent to wetlands are not protected is the lack of a clear understanding of the distances from shorelines that are biologically relevant to wetland fauna. Such information is critical for delineation of terrestrial ''buffer zones'' for wetlands, and thus for the conservation of semi-aquatic organisms. I summarized data from the literature on terrestrial habitat use by one group of pond-breeding salamanders, especially distances individuals traveled away from ponds. The results provide a basis for setting terrestrial buffer zones determined from actual habitat use by adult and juvenile salamanders. The mean distance salamanders were found from the edge of aquatic habitats was 125.3 m for adults of six species and 69.6 m for juveniles of two of these species. Assuming that the mean distance encompasses 50% of the population, a bufferzone encompassing 95% of the population would extend 164.3 m (534 ft)from a wetland's edge into the terrestrial habitat. Data from other amphibians suggest that this buffer zone is applicable to a range of species, but caution should be taken for taxa suspected to be more vagile. Wetland managers and policymakers must recognize the special needs of semi-aquatic organisms during their entire life cycle, not just during the breeding season. To maintain viable populations and communities of salamanders, attention must be directed to the terrestrial ni ensperipheral to all wetlands. Data on habitat use from salamanders and other semi-aquatic species make it increasingly apparent that maintaining the connection between wetlands and terrestrial habitats will be necessary to preserve tbe remaining biodiversity, of our vanishing wetlands.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/10/20 alle ore 01:26:40