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Titolo:
LOSS OF MYOCARDIAL PROTECTION FROM ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING FOLLOWINGCHRONIC EXPOSURE TO R(-)-N-6-(2-PHENYLISOPROPYL)ADENOSINE IS RELATED TO DEFECT AT THE ADENOSINE A(1) RECEPTOR
Autore:
HASHIMI MW; THORNTON JD; DOWNEY JM; COHEN MV;
Indirizzi:
UNIV S ALABAMA,COLL MED,DEPT PHYSIOL,MSB 3050 MOBILE AL 36688 UNIV S ALABAMA,COLL MED,DEPT PHYSIOL MOBILE AL 36688 UNIV S ALABAMA,COLL MED,DEPT MED MOBILE AL 36688
Titolo Testata:
Molecular and cellular biochemistry
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 186, anno: 1998,
pagine: 19 - 25
SICI:
0300-8177(1998)186:1-2<19:LOMPFI>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PROTEIN-KINASE-C; ADRENERGIC-RECEPTOR; DOWN-REGULATION; RABBIT HEART; PROLONGED INCUBATION; AGONIST; DESENSITIZATION; PRETREATMENT; RAT; MECHANISMS;
Keywords:
ADENOSINE A(1) RECEPTOR; CARBACHOL; DESENSITIZATION; DOWN-REGULATION; ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING; PHENYLEPHRINE; R-PHENYLISOPROPYL ADENOSINE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
M.W. Hashimi et al., "LOSS OF MYOCARDIAL PROTECTION FROM ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING FOLLOWINGCHRONIC EXPOSURE TO R(-)-N-6-(2-PHENYLISOPROPYL)ADENOSINE IS RELATED TO DEFECT AT THE ADENOSINE A(1) RECEPTOR", Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 186(1-2), 1998, pp. 19-25

Abstract

Exogenously administered adenosine agonist will protect myocardium against infarction during ischemia. However, longterm exposure to adenosine agonists is associated with loss of this protection. To determine why this protection is lost, isolated, perfused rabbit hearts were studied after administration of R(-)-N-6-(2-phenylisopropyl)adenosine (PIA), 0.25 mg/ h IP, for 3-4 days to intact animals. All hearts experienced 30 min of regional ischemia and 120 min of reperfusion. Control groups 1 and 2 were untreated. In group 1 this ischemia/reperfusion was the only intervention, whereas group 2 hearts were preconditioned witha cycle of 5 min global ischemia/10 min reperfusion preceding the 30 min regional ischemia. Groups 3-5 had been chronically exposed to PIA. Group 3 hearts had 1 preconditioning ischemia/reperfusion cycle before the prolonged ischemia. Group 4 received a 5 min infusion of 0.1 mu mol/Lphenylephrine in lieu of global ischemia, whereas group 5 was instead treated with 1 mu mol/L carbachol. Infarct size averaged 32% of the risk zone in group 1, whereas ischemic preconditioning limited infarction to 8.2% in group 2. Prolonged exposure of group 3 hearts to PIAresulted in the inability of preconditioning with 5 min global ischemia to protect (28.7 +/- 4.4% infarction). However, protection was restored by either phenylephrine, an agonist of alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors which couple to G(q) and stimulate PKC, or carbachol, an agonist of M-2-muscarinic receptors which couple instead to G(i) as do adenosine A(1) receptors (5.2 +/- 1.7% and 9.2 +/- 2.1% infarction, resp.). Therefore, cross tolerance to ischemic preconditioning develops after chronic PIA infusion. Since both the G(i) and the PKC components of the preconditioning pathway were shown to be intact, tolerance must have been related to downregulation or desensitization of the A(1) adenosinereceptor.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 06:58:21