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Titolo:
EXPLORATORY EYE-MOVEMENT DYSFUNCTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA - POSSIBILITY AS A DISCRIMINATOR FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA
Autore:
MATSUSHIMA E; KOJIMA T; OHTA K; OBAYASHI S; NAKAJIMA K; KAKUMA T; ANDO H; ANDO K; TORU M;
Indirizzi:
TOKYO MED & DENT UNIV,SCH MED,DEPT NEUROPSYCHIAT,BUNKYO KU,5-45 YUSHIMA 1 CHOME TOKYO 1138519 JAPAN NIHON UNIV,DEPT NEUROPSYCHIAT TOKYO JAPAN CORNELL UNIV,MED CTR,NEW YORK HOSP NEW YORK NY 10021
Titolo Testata:
Journal of Psychiatric Research
fascicolo: 5, volume: 32, anno: 1998,
pagine: 289 - 295
SICI:
0022-3956(1998)32:5<289:EEDIPW>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TRACKING DYSFUNCTIONS; SPECIFICITY; PATTERNS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
E. Matsushima et al., "EXPLORATORY EYE-MOVEMENT DYSFUNCTIONS IN PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA - POSSIBILITY AS A DISCRIMINATOR FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA", Journal of Psychiatric Research, 32(5), 1998, pp. 289-295

Abstract

In our previous studies patients with schizophrenia and their parentshad less frequent eye fixations and a more limited area of inspectionthan normal controls while freely viewing stationary S-shaped figures. The present study attempted to discriminate schizophrenics from non-schizophrenics using exploratory eye movements. Two groups (A and B) were formed, each comprising 30 schizophrenic and 70 non-schizophrenic subjects (10 each of patients with depression, methamphetamine psychosis, alcohol psychosis, anxiety disorder, temporal lobe epilepsy, frontal lobe lesions and healthy normal controls). Discriminant analysis was performed on group A to obtain a discriminant. The validity of applying this discriminant to group B was investigated. By focussing on exploratory eye movements, schizophrenics could be discriminated from non-schizophrenics with a sensitivity of 76.7% and a specificity of 81.4%. These results show that exploratory eye movements are a useful discriminator for schizophrenia. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 16/07/20 alle ore 04:40:05