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Titolo:
FUNCTIONAL REGULATION OF HUMAN TROPHOBLAST DIFFERENTIATION
Autore:
MORRISH DW; DAKOUR J; LI HS;
Indirizzi:
UNIV ALBERTA,DEPT MED,HERITAGE MED RES CTR 362 EDMONTON AB T6G 2S2 CANADA UNIV ALBERTA,DEPT MED,PERINATAL RES CTR EDMONTON AB T6G 2S2 CANADA
Titolo Testata:
Journal of reproductive immunology
fascicolo: 1-2, volume: 39, anno: 1998,
pagine: 179 - 195
SICI:
0165-0378(1998)39:1-2<179:FROHTD>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN CHORIONIC-GONADOTROPIN; EPIDERMAL GROWTH-FACTOR; HUMAN CYTOTROPHOBLAST DIFFERENTIATION; HUMAN PLACENTAL-LACTOGEN; INVASION IN-VITRO; IV COLLAGENASE; ENDOVASCULAR INVASION; CELL-DIFFERENTIATION; FACTOR RECEPTOR; FACTOR-BETA;
Keywords:
TROPHOBLAST; DIFFERENTIATION; CYTOKINES; APOPTOSIS; EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX; HYPOXIA; INVASION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
83
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
D.W. Morrish et al., "FUNCTIONAL REGULATION OF HUMAN TROPHOBLAST DIFFERENTIATION", Journal of reproductive immunology, 39(1-2), 1998, pp. 179-195

Abstract

The human trophoblast differentiates from proximal cell column cytotrophoblasts into two lineages: a villous phenotype that results in cellfusion and formation of syncytium and an extravillous phenotype that adopts an invasive behavior and displays cell surface markers of an endothelial cell. Both phenotypes develop spontaneously in in vitro cultured cytotrophoblasts, but there is a clear gestational regulation by unknown genetic and/or maternal environmental factors that results in first trimester villous cytotrophoblasts entering the invasive pathwayand term villous cytotrophoblasts entering the syncytial pathway. No genetic factors are known that induce the invasive pathway. First trimester cytotrophoblasts are induced to enter the invasive pathway by activin A, LIF and IL-IP but inhibited from differentiating in this direction by TGF beta 1, TGF beta 3, glucocorticoids and hypoxia. Term villous cytotrophoblasts are stimulated by EGF, EGF-II, IGFBP-1, alpha 1 beta 1 integrin (laminin receptor) and hypoxia. Term villous cytotrophoblasts are stimulated to form a syncytium by EGF, GM-CSF, CSF-1, dexamethasone, hCG, fibronectin, collagen I and PL48 and inhibited by TGF beta 1. As well, there is evidence that TNF alpha and interferon gammainduce and EGF inhibits apoptosis, This provides a mechanism for trophoblast turnover and renewal. Further research will be likely to uncover additional genetic, cytokine, extracellular matrix and physicochemical factors that regulate this complex process. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/09/20 alle ore 13:56:03