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Titolo:
URINARY NICKEL EXCRETION IN POPULATIONS LIVING IN THE PROXIMITY OF 2 RUSSIAN NICKEL REFINERIES - A NORWEGIAN-RUSSIAN POPULATION-BASED STUDY
Autore:
SMITHSIVERTSEN T; TCHACHTCHINE V; LUND E; BYKOV V; THOMASSEN Y; NORSETH T;
Indirizzi:
UNIV TROMSO,INST COMMUNITY MED N-9037 TROMSO NORWAY KOLA RES LAB OCCUPAT HLTH KIROVSK 184230 RUSSIA NATL INST OCCUPAT HLTH N-0033 OSLO NORWAY
Titolo Testata:
Environmental health perspectives
fascicolo: 8, volume: 106, anno: 1998,
pagine: 503 - 511
SICI:
0091-6765(1998)106:8<503:UNEIPL>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ATOMIC-ABSORPTION SPECTROPHOTOMETRY; REFERENCE VALUES; BODY-FLUIDS; EXPOSURE; BLOOD; SERUM; CHROMIUM; COBALT; TROMSO; PLASMA;
Keywords:
AIR POLLUTION; ENVIRONMENTAL EPIDEMIOLOGY; EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT; INDUSTRIAL EMISSIONS; NICKEL; NORWAY; OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE; RUSSIA; SMOKING URINE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
48
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
T. Smithsivertsen et al., "URINARY NICKEL EXCRETION IN POPULATIONS LIVING IN THE PROXIMITY OF 2 RUSSIAN NICKEL REFINERIES - A NORWEGIAN-RUSSIAN POPULATION-BASED STUDY", Environmental health perspectives, 106(8), 1998, pp. 503-511

Abstract

The Russian nickel refineries located in the cities of Nikel and Zapolyarny close to the Norwegian border are responsible for extensive sulfur dioxide and nickel pollution, as well as severe ecological damage in both countries. The aim of our study was to investigate human nickel exposure in the populations living on both sides of the Norwegian-Russian border. The design was a cross-sectional population-based study of adults aged 18-69 years residing in Sor-Varanger municipality, Norway and Nikel and Zapolyarny, Russia, during 1994 and 1995. Individual exposure to nickel was assessed by measurements of nickel in urine using electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. For controls, urine was collected from adults in the Russian cities of Apatity and Umba (Kola Peninsula) and the Norwegian city of Tromso, all of which are locations without nearby point sources of nickel. Altogether 2,233 urine specimens were analysed for nickel. People living in Nikel had the highest concentrations (median 3.4 mu g/l), followed by Umba (median 2.7 mu g/l), Zapolyarny (median 2.0 mu g/l), Apatity (median 1.9 mu g/l), Tromso (median 1.2 mu g/l), and Sor-Varanger (median 0.6 mu g/l). Regardless of geographical location, the Russian study groups all had a higher urinary-nickel average than those in Norway (p<0.001). With the exception of Nikel, neither the Russian nor the Norwegian urinary-nickellevels were associated with residence location near a Russian nickel refinery. We concluded that industrial nickel pollution alone could not explain the observed discrepancy between Norway and Russia; we also discuss other possible nickel exposure sources that may account for the high urinary levels found in Russia.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 20:06:16