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Titolo:
MITOCHONDRIA IN NEURODEGENERATIVE APOPTOSIS - AN OPPORTUNITY FOR THERAPY
Autore:
TATTON WG; CHALMERSREDMAN RME;
Indirizzi:
CUNY MT SINAI SCH MED,DEPT NEUROL,ANNENBERG 1494,BOX 1137,1 GUSTAVE LLEVY PL NEW YORK NY 10029
Titolo Testata:
Annals of neurology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 44, anno: 1998, supplemento:, 1
pagine: 134 - 141
SICI:
0364-5134(1998)44:3<134:MINA-A>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PERMEABILITY TRANSITION PORE; TROPHIC FACTOR WITHDRAWAL; COMPLEX-I DEFICIENCY; PARKINSONS-DISEASE; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE; CYTOCHROME-C; CELL-DEATH; DNA-DAMAGE; PC12 CELLS; RESPIRATORY-CHAIN;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
81
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
W.G. Tatton e R.M.E. Chalmersredman, "MITOCHONDRIA IN NEURODEGENERATIVE APOPTOSIS - AN OPPORTUNITY FOR THERAPY", Annals of neurology, 44(3), 1998, pp. 134-141

Abstract

Apoptotic cell death has been shown to constitute the terminal process in some neurodegenerative diseases, notably Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease (PD). A decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential (Delta Psi(M)) causing opening of the permeability transition pore (PTP) in mitochondrial membranes has been implicated as a critical effector of apoptosis in a variety of non-neural cells. Opening of the PTP leads to the release of so-called apoptosis initiation factors that induce the degradative events of apoptosis, such as nuclear chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation. We have extended those findings toa neuronal model of apoptosis caused by trophic withdrawal, by showing that a decrease in Delta Psi(M) is an early event occurring 2 to 6 hours before the degradative events of apoptosis. A deficiency in mitochondrial complex I activity has been demonstrated in the substantia nigra of postmortem brains and several peripheral tissues obtained from PD patients. Because Delta Psi(M) is generated by the pumping of protons out across the inner mitochondrial membrane at the mitochondrial complexes, particularly complex I, we hypothesized that the decrease in complex activity could result in a decrease in Delta Psi(M) that wouldrender PD substantia nigra neurons vulnerable to apoptosis. In preliminary studies, we have found a decrease in Delta Psi(M) in fibroblastsobtained from some PD patients. If a decrease in Delta Psi(M) consequent on decreased complex activity is an intrinsic defect in some PD patients, it would open a number of new avenues for the reduction of neuronal apoptosis in PD. The oncoprotein BCL-2 and the scavenger proteinSOD-1 have been shown to reduce apoptosis by facilitating closure of the PTP. A number of agents have been shown to maintain BCL-2 and/or SOD-1 synthesis in damaged nerve cells and thereby reduce apoptosis. Other agents, such as cyclosporin A and some benzodiazepine receptor-binding agents, have been found to act directly on the PTP to reduce apoptosis. Accordingly, agents that maintain Delta Psi(M) and PTP closure may offer new and effective means of treating neurodegenerative apoptosis.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 31/03/20 alle ore 15:47:03