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Titolo:
HIGH-PRECISION HF ISOTOPE MEASUREMENTS OF MORB AND OIB BY THERMAL IONIZATION MASS-SPECTROMETRY - INSIGHTS INTO THE DEPLETED MANTLE
Autore:
NOWELL GM; KEMPTON PD; NOBLE SR; FITTON JG; SAUNDERS AD; MAHONEY JJ; TAYLOR RN;
Indirizzi:
NERC,ISOTOPE GEOSCI LAB,KINGSLEY DUNHAM CTR NOTTINGHAM NG12 5GG ENGLAND UNIV DURHAM,DEPT GEOL SCI DURHAM DH1 3LE ENGLAND UNIV EDINBURGH,DEPT GEOL & GEOPHYS EDINBURGH EH9 3JW MIDLOTHIAN SCOTLAND UNIV LEICESTER,DEPT GEOL LEICESTER LE1 7RH LEICS ENGLAND UNIV HAWAII,SCH OCEAN & EARTH SCI & TECHNOL HONOLULU HI 96822 SOUTHAMPTON OCEANOG CTR,DEPT GEOL SOUTHAMPTON SO14 3ZH HANTS ENGLAND
Titolo Testata:
Chemical geology
fascicolo: 3-4, volume: 149, anno: 1998,
pagine: 211 - 233
SICI:
0009-2541(1998)149:3-4<211:HHIMOM>2.0.ZU;2-9
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HETEROGENEOUS ICELAND PLUME; TRACE-ELEMENT CONSTRAINTS; SOUTHEAST INDIAN RIDGE; SUB-OCEANIC MANTLE; LU-HF; SUPERIOR-PROVINCE; CONTINENTAL-CRUST; RATIO MEASUREMENT; REYKJANES RIDGE; BASALTS;
Keywords:
LU-HF ISOTOPES; MORB; OIB; PLUMES; MASS SPECTROMETRY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
59
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G.M. Nowell et al., "HIGH-PRECISION HF ISOTOPE MEASUREMENTS OF MORB AND OIB BY THERMAL IONIZATION MASS-SPECTROMETRY - INSIGHTS INTO THE DEPLETED MANTLE", Chemical geology, 149(3-4), 1998, pp. 211-233

Abstract

The existing Hf isotope database for mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORB) is limited in both quantity and precision. Nevertheless, in Hf-Nd isotope space, MORBs show a wide variation in Hf-176/Hf-177 over a relatively restricted range in Nd-143/Nd-144. The highest Hf-176/Hf-177 ratios(greater than or equal to 0.283355) within the MORE range are restricted to just four samples (< 6.5% of total). Of these high Hf-176/Hf-177 MORBs, three are from ridge segments adjacent to known active plumesand one is from a ridge segment for which a plume influence has been suggested. By comparison, MORBs from 'normal' ridge segments show a more Limited range in Hf-176/Hf-177 ratios (0.283040 to 0.283311). We suggest that NMORB and the depleted MORE mantle reservoir (DMM) are characterised by a similarly limited range in Hf-176/Hf-177 ratios. Furthermore, we suggest that the high Hf-176/Hf-177 MORE-Like basalts may ultimately be related to mantle plumes and represent melts of a depletedcomponent entrained by the plumes before they traverse the shallow MORE mantle. We illustrate our preferred model with new hafnium isotope data on 11 MORE samples from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, two oceanic gabbros from the Indian Ocean tall collected away from known plumelocalities) and basalts associated with the Iceland and Azores plumesobtained using a new high precision thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (TIMS) technique. The new TIMS technique routinely yields Hf-176 beam intensities of 150-700 mV (total Hf beam of 2.8-13.5 V), allowing a routine internal precision on the measured Hf-176/Hf-177 ratio of 0.002-0.006%, to be achieved using just 1-3 mu g of Hf separate. This represents a considerable improvement over the 0.008-0.056% internal precision quoted as typical for conventional single or triple filament TIMS analysis of Hf. The external reproducibility for the international Hf standard JMC 475 has also been significantly improved over conventional TIMS and is currently similar to 0.002%. This is comparable with the 0.003% external reproducibility currently obtained on the new Fisons Instruments Plasma 54 at the Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 24/11/20 alle ore 08:02:19