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Titolo:
DOES CARBOHYDRATE-RICH, PROTEIN-POOR FOOD PREVENT A DETERIORATION OF MOOD AND COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE OF STRESS-PRONE SUBJECTS WHEN SUBJECTEDTO A STRESSFUL TASK
Autore:
MARKUS CR; PANHUYSEN G; TUITEN A; KOPPESHAAR H; FEKKES D; PETERS ML;
Indirizzi:
UNIV UTRECHT,DEPT PSYCHONOM,HEIDELBERGLAAN 2 NL-3584 CS UTRECHT NETHERLANDS UNIV UTRECHT HOSP,DEPT ENDOCRINOL NL-3511 GV UTRECHT NETHERLANDS ERASMUS UNIV,SECT PATHOPHYSIOL BEHAV NL-3000 DR ROTTERDAM NETHERLANDS UNIV UTRECHT,DEPT CLIN & HLTH PSYCHOL NL-3584 CS UTRECHT NETHERLANDS
Titolo Testata:
Appetite (Print)
fascicolo: 1, volume: 31, anno: 1998,
pagine: 49 - 65
SICI:
0195-6663(1998)31:1<49:DCPFPA>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BRAIN-SEROTONIN CONTENT; TRYPTOPHAN DEPLETION; MODULATORY ROLE; AMINO-ACIDS; DEPRESSION; PLASMA; GLUCOCORTICOIDS; NEUROTICISM; CONSUMPTION; DEPENDENCE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
59
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
C.R. Markus et al., "DOES CARBOHYDRATE-RICH, PROTEIN-POOR FOOD PREVENT A DETERIORATION OF MOOD AND COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE OF STRESS-PRONE SUBJECTS WHEN SUBJECTEDTO A STRESSFUL TASK", Appetite (Print), 31(1), 1998, pp. 49-65

Abstract

This study investigates whether in stress-prone subjects, carbohydrate-rich, protein-poor food (CR/PP) prevents a deterioration of mood andperformance under uncontrollable laboratory stress conditions. The assumption was that in stress-prone subjects there is a higher risk of serotonin deficiency in the brain and that carbohydrates may prevent a functional shortage of central serotonin during acute stress, due to their potentiating effect on brain tryptophan. Twenty-four subjects with a high stress-proneness (HS) and 24 subjects with a low stress-proneness (LS) participated in an uncontrollable stress situation under both a CR/PP and a protein-rich, carbohydrate-poor (PR/CP) diet condition. The plasma ratio of tryptophan to the other large neutral amino acids (LNAA) (ratio Tryptophan/Sigma LNAA) was determined as a measure indicating the dietary effect on brain tryptophan and serotonin levels. Significant increases were found in the ratio tryptophan/Sigma LNAA during the CR/PP diet compared with the PR/CP diet. Experimental stress had significant effects on pulse rate, skin conductance, cortisol and mood in all subjects. During the CR/PP diet only the HS subjects did not show the stress-induced rise in depression, decline in vigour and cortisol elevation that they showed after the PR/CP diet. With respect to cognitive performance, significant dietary effects were found on reaction time. It is suggested that CRI PP food in HS subjects may increase personal control, probably under the influence of higher levels of brain tryptophan and serotonin. (C) 1998 Academic Press.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 20:10:34