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Titolo:
AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES IN THE EFFECT OF DICHLOROACETATE ON POSTISCHEMIC LACTATE AND ACID CLEARANCE MEASURED IN-VIVO USING MAGNETIC-RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY AND MICRODIALYSIS
Autore:
CORBETT R; LAPTOOK A; GEE J; GARCIA D; SILMON S; TOLLEFSBOL G;
Indirizzi:
UNIV TEXAS,SW MED CTR,DEPT RADIOL,RALPH ROGERS & MARY NELL MAGNET RESONANCE CTR DALLAS TX 75235 UNIV TEXAS,SW MED CTR,DEPT PEDIAT,RALPH ROGERS & MARY NELL MAGNET RESONANCE CTR DALLAS TX 75235
Titolo Testata:
Journal of neurochemistry
fascicolo: 3, volume: 71, anno: 1998,
pagine: 1205 - 1214
SICI:
0022-3042(1998)71:3<1205:ADITEO>2.0.ZU;2-M
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PYRUVATE-DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY; CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA; MEASURED INVIVO; ENERGY METABOLITES; INTRACELLULAR PH; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; P-31; TRANSPORT; RATS; HYPERGLYCEMIA;
Keywords:
BRAIN; ACIDOSIS; LACTOSIS; ISCHEMIA; DICHLOROACETATE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
R. Corbett et al., "AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES IN THE EFFECT OF DICHLOROACETATE ON POSTISCHEMIC LACTATE AND ACID CLEARANCE MEASURED IN-VIVO USING MAGNETIC-RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY AND MICRODIALYSIS", Journal of neurochemistry, 71(3), 1998, pp. 1205-1214

Abstract

Numerous studies using adult animal models suggest that dichloroacetate (DCA) may have neuroprotective properties by virtue of its ability to increase rates of metabolism and, therefore, clearance of brain lactic acidosis, which may accumulate during cerebral ischemia. We testedthe hypothesis that postischemic DCA administration affects lactate and acid clearance to different extents in immature versus mature brain. P-31 and H-1 magnetic resonance spectroscopy were used to measure intracellular acid and lactate clearance rates in vivo in newborn and 1-month-old swine after a 14-min episode of transient near-complete global ischemia. Simultaneous monitoring of extracellular lactate efflux and clearance was measured in the same animals by in vivo microdialysis. Plasma glucose concentrations were elevated in order to study animals with severe cerebral lactic acidosis. Maximal levels of brain lactosis (16-20 mu mol/g) and acidosis (PHintracellular 5.8-6.0) were reached during the first 10 min of recovery and were the same in age groups and in subgroups either acting as controls or treated with DCA (200 mg/kg) given from the last minute of ischemia to 5-7 min after ischemia. For newborns, DCA administration improved the postischemic clearance rate of cerebral acidosis and cerebral phosphocreatine, with similar trends for the clearance of lactosis and increased rates of recovery ofnucleotide triphosphates, compared with controls. In contrast, DCA administration in I-month-olds resulted in a modest trend for improvement of cerebral lactate clearance, but did not affect acid clearance or the recovery rate of phosphocreatine or nucleotide triphosphates. Extracellular brain lactate concentrations had similar relative increases and rates of decline for subgroups of either age treated with DCA versus controls. The results of this study indicate that postischemic DCA administration helps to resolve cerebral acidosis to a greater degree in immature than more mature brain, suggesting that DCA may have cerebroprotective properties for neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

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Documento generato il 09/04/20 alle ore 07:17:24